On 27 November 2015, a girl covered in a heavy blanket, stands outside a tent at the Vinojug reception centre for refugees and migrants in Gevgelija, on the border with Greece. She is among refugees, primarily from the Syrian Arab Republic, Afghanistan, and Iraq. From Gevgelija, the refugees will board a special train that takes them to Tabanovce, close to the Serbian border. Heavy rain and near freezing conditions are challenging the refugees and the aid organizations providing them with warm winter clothing and supplies.

In late November 2015, refugee and migrant flows into Europe remain at an unprecedented high. Since the beginning of the year, over 870,000 refugees and migrants have crossed the Mediterranean Sea to Europe. Many of them are escaping conflict and insecurity in their home countries of Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan and the Syrian Arab Republic. More than one in five is a child. With the arrival of winter and colder temperatures, refugees and migrants are facing increasingly difficult conditions, including a heightened risk of dying at sea or on land or becoming seriously ill from hypothermia or pneumonia. Children are among those most at risk. UNICEF, working with governments and its partners, is supporting child protection, health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene, and education interventions to meet the needs of children and their families on the move in Europe. UNICEF, together with the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Office for Migration (IOM), the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and other partners, is mobilizing for winter and working with governments to strengthen child protection systems for refugee, migrant and other children and is establishing and supporting child-friendly spaces in reception centres at border crossings along the Balkan routes. UNICEF is also monitoring and providing assistance with partners at these points, and is providing key items to meet basic needs.

© UNICEF/UN03023/Gilbertson VII Photo

每年,上百萬的兒童及其家庭因天災人禍而與家人失散,生活經歷翻天覆地的變化,甚至被徹底破壞。對脆弱的兒童來說,衝突、人道危機及影響廣泛地區的氣候變化正威脅他們的生命。在這些災難之中,聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)一直守護着兒童。

目前,全球約有5.35億名兒童,即每4名兒童便有1名在衝突或災難地區生活,面對各種人道危機。他們無法得到醫療服務、教育、足夠營養及保護。

 

 

© UNICEF/UN05565/Georgiev
在前南斯拉夫馬其頓共和國蓋夫蓋利亞一個難民和移民中轉站的UNICEF兒童友好家園中,一個小男生獲得了新的保暖外衣。

 

UNICEF 2015年工作回顧

以下為UNICEF於2015年在受影響最嚴重的71個國家所取得的部分成果

Nutrition

營養

 

150x150_Micro_Feature_Nutrition_Graph

69%

共200萬名嚴重營養不良的兒童獲得治療

Health

健康

 

150x150_Micro_Feature_Health_graph

62%

共1,130萬名兒童獲接種麻疹疫苗

WASH

食水、個人及環境衞生

150x150_Micro_Feature_WASH_graph

94%

共2,260萬人獲得安全用水

Child protection

保護兒童

 

150x150_Micro_Feature_Child-protection_graph

74%

共200萬名兒童獲得社會心理支援

Education

教育

 

150x150_Micro_Feature_Education_graph

45%

共400萬名兒童獲得基礎教育

 

UNICEF 2016年目標

以下為UNICEF於2016年在受影響最嚴重的63個國家的部分工作目標

Nutrition

營養

為290萬名嚴重營養不良的兒童提供治療

Health

健康

為1,170萬名兒童接種麻疹疫苗

WASH

食水、個人及環境衞生

為1,730萬人提供安全用水

Education

教育

為820萬名兒童提供基礎教育

Child protection

保護兒童

為300萬名兒童提供社會心理支援

現金資助

為210萬人提供現金資助

 

 

 

了解更多UNICEF在世界各地的緊急救援工作

敘利亞危機 也門衝突 尼泊爾地震 伊波拉疫情