Situation report 2

25 October 2010

Situation overview:

- Monsoon floods across Pakistan in July have affected over 20 million people, including an estimated 2.8 million children under 5 years old and 3.7 million women (15-49 years) all across the country.

- Families aremoving back to their destroyed or damaged homes and livelihoods where infrastructure is severely lacked. Therefore, basic health services have to be rapidly re-established. Also, the increase of access of quality education is essential for children are important so as to bring stability to their lives as soon as possible.

- The approaching winter is expected to contribute to a sharp increase in the number of acute respiratory infections, particularly in the northern regions, posing a serious threat to those affected, especially given the high rates of malnutrition. Therefore, additional support is needed to protect the affected communities from the harsh weather conditions of the approaching winter season.

Use of funds:

- 69 international staff is currently on the ground in Pakistan supporting the response.

- Since 1 August, UNICEF has ordered nearly HK$155.6 million (US$20 million) worth of supplies for the emergency relief. Further procurement is underway and the expected total value of local procurement by the end of this year is HK$466.6 million (US$60 million).

Funding needs:

- Funds are becoming critically short to ensure early recovery and continued expansion of UNICEF’s response into 2011.

- 86 per cent of funds received have already been allocated, making further commitments very difficult.

- UNICEF still needs HK$952.3 million (US$122.4) million to meet the relief and early recovery needs of women and children affected by the floods.

Donation appeal:

UNICEF has appealed for HK$ 1.97 billion (US$252.3 million) to fund its 12-month inter-agency Revised Floods Emergency Response Plan for Pakistan.

UNICEF’s response:

1. Water, Sanitation & Hygiene:

UNICEF is providing clean drinking water to 2.4 million people every day and has distributed over 7 million water purification tablets and household treatment filters that have resulted in over 70 million litres of safe drinking water.

2. Health:

UNICEF is supporting Mother and Child Health Weeks that have been held in nine districts in Sindh and distributing essential supplies such as insecticide treated bed nets and kits to provide safe child delivery. Nearly 2.2 million patients were treated in medical camps; 7.1 million children have been vaccinated for measles and a second round is beginning in the remaining flooded districts.

3. Nutrition:

UNICEF has supported the establishment of 171 outpatient therapeutic feeding programmes, 30 stabilisation centres and 123 supplementary feeding programmes nationally. Approximately 50,000 children are currently enrolled in the selective feeding programme.Trainings have also been conducted on community management of acute malnutrition and completing of nutrition surveys in Sindh province.

4. Education:

UNICEF has set up 722 temporary learning centres across the flood affected areas that are benefitting nearly 60,000 children. Essential school supplies such as school-in-box, recreational kits, schools bags and tables and chairs for teachers have been distributed, benefitting nearly 100,000 children.

5. Child Protection:

UNICEF has set up 263 child-friendly spaces across affected areas. These are now serving more than 60,000 children where group counselling has been provided to more than 6,600 children. More than 8,000 children have been provided with individual counselling while more than 15,000 children have participated in educational recreational activities.