Situation report 3
The monsoon flood emergency in Pakistan is far from over. It is now more crucial than ever that the world does not forget the women and children of Pakistan. The needs of the flood affected are still immense. However, serious underfunding of its emergency operations is jeopardising UNICEF’s life-saving programmes for children and families.
Funds are becoming critically short to ensure early recovery and continued expansion of UNICEF’s response into 2011. So far, only 53 per cent of its revised appeal of HK$1.95 billion (US$251.1 million) has been received for the inter-agency Floods Relief and Early Recovery Response Plan for Pakistan.
The approaching winter is expected to contribute to a sharp increase in the number of acute respiratory infections. This will pose a serious threat to those affected, especially given the high rates of child malnutrition. Basic health services must be rapidly re-established, including the availability of emergency supplies at all times.
UNICEF and its partners are rapidly scaling up early recovery efforts across the country while continuing to provide life-saving assistance to nearly 7 million people. In the last two weeks, UNICEF has reached 25,000 stranded people and is working to reach the remaining 25,000 in the next 20 days.
There are 69 international staff currently on the ground supporting the response.Since 1 August, UNICEF has ordered nearly HK$537 million (US$69 million) in emergency supplies and the expected total value by the end of 2010 is HK$934 million (US$120 million).
1. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene:
UNICEF is providing safe drinking water daily to over 2.5 million people through the restoration of water supply systems and water treatment plants. UNICEF has provided an additional 80 million litres of safe drinking water through 8 million water purification tablets and household treatment filters. Almost 1 million people are benefitting from 16,505 sanitation facilities provided by UNICEF. Hygiene promotion activities have benefitted near 830,000 people.
UNICEF has supported the Government of Pakistan in the recently concluded Mother and Child Week conducted in 24 districts, where approximately 3.5 million children and 1 million pregnant women were reached with immunisation services, de-worming and health education messages. 410,000 insecticide-treated bed nets, 45,000 newborn kits, 65,000 clean delivery kits, 80,000 blankets and 174,000 caps for the newborn have also been delivered. During the National Immunisations Days (8-10 November 2010), UNICEF and partners are targeting 32.6 million children under the age of 5 years to be administered the polio drops.
UNICEF has supported the Government of Pakistan and NGO partners in the establishment of 195 outpatient therapeutic feeding programmes, 30 stabilisation centres and 143 supplementary feeding programmes. Approximately 50,000 children are currently enrolled in the feeding programme. Trainings have also been conducted on community management of acute malnutritionand conductingmalnutrition surveys in Sindh and Punjab province.
UNICEF has set up 1,328 temporary learning centres benefitting nearly 100,000 children. Essential school supplies such as school-in-a-box kits, recreational kits, schools bags and tables and chairs for teachers have been distributed.
5. Child Protection:
UNICEF has set up 263 child-friendly spaces across affected areas serving more than 60,000 children. Over 6,600 have been provided with group counselling and more than 8,000 children with individual counselling, while over 15,000 children have participated in recreational activities.