9個廁所小知識

 

9個廁所小知識

Fatima Ibrahim, 10 years old walks to the toilets installed at the school of the Tabareybarey refugee camp, Tillaberi region, Niger on May 25, 2015. The Tabareybarey refugee camp is operated by UNHCR and accommodates 8000 individuals in 1200 households within the camp. The majority of residents are refugees who fled their homes in Mali when the war began there in 2012. The school at the camp is operated by UNICEF and partners PLAN an COOPI. There are 603 enrolled students, including 303 girls enrolled in the primary school. 197 students and 103 girls are enrolled in the preschool. 27 children come to the school each day on transport provided by Unicef from anther camp 5km away. The camp was installed in 2012.

© UNICEF/UNI201304/Phelps

  1. 目前還未知道是誰發明廁所。蘇格蘭和希臘人聲稱他們是發明者,前者說廁所出現於公元前3,000年的蘇格蘭古老部落,後者說出現於公元前1,700年的克里特島宮殿。
  2. 至今,全球約有6成人口(45億人)家中仍沒有廁所或能適當處理人類排泄物的設施。
  3. 全球有8.92億人露天排便。他們在戶外、路邊、草叢、垃圾堆上排便。
  4. 印度、印尼、尼日利亞、埃塞俄比亞、巴基斯坦的露天排便人口約佔全球露天排便人口75%。
  5. 露天排便與生活環境息息相關:9成露天排便人口在農村生活。
  6. 缺乏廁所會加速致命疾病傳播。每天有超過700名兒童因缺乏安全食水、環境及個人衞生設施而死於腹瀉。
  7. 全球有3成學校缺乏足夠廁所,導致女童和女老師無法適當保持經期的個人衞生。WTD-2-schools-1024x184
  8. 興建廁所是巨大投資。每於環境衞生投資港幣1元,可帶來港幣8元經濟回報。
  9. 為了讓全球人口都能使用廁所,我們需要付出3倍努力,不但要增加廁所的數量,還要培養人們使用廁所的良好習慣。