按目前進展速度 西非和中非仍需要逾100年解決童婚問題

 

按目前進展速度 西非和中非仍需要逾100年解決童婚問題

Dada, 15, holds her 18-month-old daughter Husseina where shes live in a host community in Maiduguri, Borno State, northeast Nigeria, Saturday 29 July 2017. Dada was abducted by Boko Haram and became pregnant while in captivity. "There is an area near here where I used to go and they call me Boko Haram wife. Those people don’t know God,” says Dada. “I know she is my daughter, I don’t care why they say, I love her. Since I came back from Boko Haram there has been a lot of suffering, there is not enough to eat.”

“I like to chat with Husseina, I like to play with her,” adds Dada, “I want to put her in school. She needs good food and clothing. I think it is important to show her love and make her smile. I want her to be successful in life.”

As of 15 July, UNICEF and implementing partners in Nigeria have reached a total of 4,306 beneficiaries (3,039 children and 1,267 women) formerly associated with armed forces or armed groups including women and girl survivors of conflict-related sexual violence, with community-based reintegration services and short-term reintegration assistance packages, social cohesion and livelihood support.

UNICEF is providing psychosocial support for children who have been held by Boko Haram and is also working with families and communities to foster the acceptance of children when they return. This includes providing social and economic reintegration support to the children and their families.

The ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad basin is marked by massive violations of children’s rights – evident in the use of children on both sides of the insurgency. Boko Haram, in particular, has been leading a systematic campaign of abduction that has forced thousands of girls and boys into their ranks. Local militias, formed to protect their communities, have played a key role in stemming the  tide of Boko Haram violence, but they too have used children in their operations.

UNICEF estimates that thousands of children are being held

© UNICEF/UN0118457/

2017年7月29日(星期六),來自尼日利亞東北部博諾諾州的15歲達達抱着18個月大的女兒胡塞納。

達喀爾/香港,2017年10月23─聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)報告顯示,西非和中非仍存在嚴重的童婚問題。除非現在開始採取有效措施,否則需要逾100年才能解決童婚問題,對幾百萬名兒童新娘和地區繁榮造成負面影響。

本星期於塞內加爾達喀爾舉行的結束童婚高級別會議發布的報告指出,由於人口迅速增長和童婚流行率高,即使目前西非和中非的童婚率已急速下降,也不足以減少每年結婚的女童人數。

UNICEF副執行主任法圖瑪‧迪亞耶(Fatoumata Ndiaye)指出,童婚侵犯兒童權利,損害他們的健康和前途,還引發跨代貧窮的惡性循環。兒童新娘不能上學,成為暴力受害者,並有可能感染愛滋病病毒。

迪亞耶於會議上強調,不能繼續讓全球無數女童失去健康、教育、童年。按目前進展速度,西非和中非仍需要逾100年解決童婚問題,根本不可接受。

報告顯示,雖然過去20年西非和中非的童婚問題已有所改善,但進展並不理想。,每10名女童就有4名18歲前結婚,每3名女童就有1名15歲前結婚。

西非和中非佔全球10個童婚率最高的國家中6個:尼日爾、中非共和國、乍得、馬里、布基納法索、幾內亞。

即使是童婚率高的國家,只要推行適當措施,也能加速改善,如制定法律和政策保護和推廣女童權利,鼓勵家庭和社區改變態度和行為,為處於童婚風險中的女童提供支援。

過去25年,岡比亞、幾內亞比紹、多哥、加納、盧旺達5個國家的童婚下降率就達到4成至6成。

UNICEF強調,讓女童上學並盡量長期接受教育是減少童婚的最佳策略,因為受教育的女童擁有知識和信心,更能為自己生活作出決定。