The China Children's Week (CCW) was launched in 1993. From 1993 to 1995, we organised fundraising campaigns for "Polio Eradication in China" and raised more than HK$27 million for the purchase of polio vaccines to immunise the infants in China. No new polio cases have been reported since 1995. In 1996, the CCW raised funds for the "Elimination Project of Neonatal Tetanus in China". The result was encouraging with more than HK$6 million raised.
Since 1997, UNICEF has been working with partners to launch the "Social Development Programme for Poor Areas in China" (SPPA), followed by two other micro-credit programmes named “Local Planning and Action for Children” (LPAC) in 2001 and “Local Actions for Rural Children” (LARC) in 2008. Since 2013, funds raised by CCW support the "Cash Transfers for Deprived Children" Project.
This year, funds raised from the CCW will support the "Cash Transfers for Deprived Children" Project in rural China.
To the children in China’s rural area, survival is a dream beyond their reach. Every year, nearly 125,000 children in China cannot live longer than 28 days, mainly due to premature birth, suffocation and Pneumonia. The situation is even worse in remote areas - neonatal mortality rate is 2.4 times higher in rural areas than cities.
High maternal mortality and under-five mortality are attributed to delivering babies at home in many poor families in the remote and deprived areas. Suspension of work and long travelling distance are considered as the major obstacles for accessing hospital or clinical delivery and relevant services, despite the free services. UNICEF has extended the Project to 15 provinces in Yunnan, Gansu and Sichuan. Pregnant women in the provinces can receive a cash subsidy as an incentive to get medical care for themselves and their babies, such as postnatal and antenatal checkup, giving birth in hospital and immunisation for infants.