Welcome to A Little Reporter's Journey of Convention on the Rights of the Child Website!

Let's be our Little Reporter Trainee and understand the four basic rights: the Right to Survival, Protection, Developmentand Participation! Visit our News section to know more about children in different parts of the World, or go to play Games!

Besides, in Download section, teachers as well as Little Reporter Trainees can find a lot of useful resources. Don't forget to share your opinion about children's rights on Gallery & Discussion!

 

Each child is an individual with his or her own rights to be respected and protected.

 

What is the Convention on the Rights of the Child?

The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most universally accepted human rights instrument in history. It is also the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights. More

The Convention was adopted by the United Nations in 1989. It spells out the basic human rights to which children everywhere are entitle: the right to survival, development, protection and participation.

The Convention is the result of 10 years of consultation and negotiation between government officials, lawyers, health care professionals, social workers, educators, children's support groups, non-governmental organizations andreligious groups from around the world. At present, 193 countries have ratified the Convention.

The Convention came into force in Hong Kong in 1994, and its provisions continue to apply to Hong Kong after the establishment of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

Governments that ratify the Convention must report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child. Reporters on the situation of children's rights in their countries are made within twoyears of ratification, and every five years thereafter. The HKSAR's first report under the Convention was submitted to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child as part of China's second report in June 2003.

Please refer to the Convention in child-friendly version for detail.

What are the four rights included in the Convention?

Children are born with the fundamental freedoms and inherent rights of all human beings, including Survival, Protection, Development and Participation. More

1.    Survival

Every child has the rights to:

  • Survival and development
  • An adequate standard of living
  • The highest attainable standard of health and effective health services
  • Social security and child care services and facilities

Special care, if he or she is disabled, that ensures dignity, promotes self-reliance and facilitates active participation in the community

2.    Protection

Every child has the right to special protection:

  • In emergency situations such as armed conflict, or when children are separated from family or home
  • When he or she is in conflict with the law
  • In situations of exploitation such as child labour, drug abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual abuse, sale, trafficking and abduction
  • From discrimination of any kind

3.    Development

Every child has the right to:

  • Free primary education, Access to secondary education and vocational training that prepares him or her for an active adult life in a free society
  • An education that develops his or her personality, talents, and mental and physical abilities to their fullest
  • An education that fosters respect for his or her own family, cultural identity, and language for his or her country; and for the natural environment
  • Leisure, play and the opportunity to participate in cultural and artistic activities
  • The opportunity to enjoy his or her culture, profess and practice his or her religion, use his or her language

4.    Participation

Every child has the right to:

  • Freedom of expression
  • Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
  • Freedom of association and peaceful assembly
  • Information from a diversity of sources

Why do the world's children need UNICEF?

The United Nations Children’s Fund – UNICEF – is the world’s leading children’s charity. It works to make the world a better place for children. More

In emergencies, like wars, earthquakes or tsunamis, UNICEF makes sure children get the help they need, fast. And, in more than 150 different countries, UNICEF is working to change children’s lives for good, so they can grow up safe, happy, healthy and educated.

 

Clean water to drink
One in five children doesn’t have clean water to drink. Without clean water and proper toilets, children can get very ill or even die. If children are ill, or busy walking miles to fetch water, they miss out on school.

UNICEF works globally to help more children to get clean water and proper toilets. We work with schools to help children to learn about good hygiene, such as washing your hands. This stops children from getting ill.

 

Good food to eat
Children need to eat enough of the right foods, so that they grow up strong and healthy. Sadly, millions of children around the world go to bed hungry. One in six children doesnt get the food they need to be healthy.

UNICEF works with the World Food Programme around the world to help children to get the food they need. If children are very ill because they don’t have enough to good food to eat, UNICEF helps to make sure they get the right food and medicine to make them feel better.

 

Medical care
If you’re ill, you can go to the doctor or the hospital to get better. But one in seven children around the world doesn’t get any medical care at all.

In many countries, getting bitten by a mosquito can give children an illness called malaria, but sleeping under a mosquito net can help to protect them. Vaccinations can stop children from getting lots of serious illnesses. UNICEF provides vaccines and mosquito nets to keep children healthy, and helps children and their families to learn how to stay healthy.

 

School for all
Around the world, 121 million children don’t go to school. There are many reasons for this, but the biggest one is poverty. Many families can’t afford school fees, uniforms and books, or they might need their children to go to work instead. It’s often girls and children with disabilities who miss out.

UNICEF aims to get every child into school. There are many ways to do this, such as making school free, offering free lunches, keeping schools are safe, and making sure schools have clean water and toilets. UNICEF also sets up special classes for children who have to go to work, at times when they are able to go.

 

Help in emergencies
During emergencies, like wars, floods, famines, earthquakes or tsunamis, children need help and protection. Without help, they’re more likely to get ill or go hungry. They might be all alone because their parents have been hurt or because they’ve got lost in the chaos. Emergencies can be a very frightening time for children.

When there are emergencies, UNICEF works quickly to keep children safe from harm. We help to get clean water, food, shelter and medical care. We set up temporary schools and special places for children to play. We make sure they have someone to talk to about their troubles, so they can carry on with their lives.

 

Children and AIDS
AIDS is a very serious illness caused by a virus called HIV. Without medicine, people who have had HIV for a long time can become very ill because of AIDS. Around the world, 15 million children have lost one or both of their parents because of AIDS, mostly in poorer countries.

UNICEF works all over the world to protect children and their parents from AIDS, and to make sure people who do have AIDS get the medical help they need. UNICEF works to support children who are orphaned by AIDS.