UNICEF has always been concerning about the health and living conditions of children in rural areas of Mainland China since we identified poverty as one of the major concerns in China. A great variety of fundraising activities were organised in the past few years to raise funds to improve the living quality of these disadvantaged children in remote areas.

According to the statistics of 2003, China has a population of around 12.3 billion and within which 16 percent are living below the poverty line (living on less than USD1.25 per day). They are mainly living in the northern and western part of China at which deprived land is found everywhere. With limited income and resources, children are commonly suffered from malnutrition and poor sanitation.

Furthermore, the tradition Chinese thinking made the social status of women and girls even lower; women stay at home and are in charge of all the housework. They are not only lack of financial support, but also basic education, medical services, skills, as well as self-confidence which is the most important among all.

UNICEF works in partnership with the local governments of 34 poor countries in 11 provinces to implement the LPAC project to help alleviate poverty. Integrated development assistance is channeled directly to these poor areas. Assistance is provided to the teacher as education is a way to upgrade the qualification of school teachers. In health and nutrition, training is given to health care workers to improve their skills and professional competence. Universal immunization is undertaking to immunise children against the six preventable childhood diseases – measles, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus, tuberculosis and polio. UNICEF also supports to construct community based on deep-well hand pumps, to establish safe water supplies, sanitary latrines and to educate local people on proper hygiene. Micro-credit loan is provided for women, which aims at empowering them to learn how to improve living standard through the operation of local income generating enterprises. In this way, they can create better lives for themselves and their children.