The basic premise of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, an international human rights treaty adopted by the United Nations in 1989, states that children are born with fundamental freedoms and inherent rights of all human beings, and each child is an individual with his or her own rights to be respected and protected. The Convention keeps transforming the lives of children and their families around the globe ceaselessly.
Although many nations have laws related to children’s welfare and rights, the reality is that many nations do not live up to their own minimum standard in these areas. Children suffer from poverty, homelessness, abuse, neglect, preventable diseases, unequal access to education and unfavorable justice system that do no recognise their special needs; children of minority groups are particularly affected. These problems occur in both industrialised and developing countries.
The Convention spells out the basic human rights to which children every where are entitled: the right to survival (to access good food and shelter); the right to the development of their full physical and mental potential (to be educated and engage in play); the right to protection from influences that are harmful to their development (to be protected from abuse); and the right to participation in family, cultural and social life. The treaty clarifies the idea that a basic quality of life should be the right of all children, rather than a privilege enjoyed by a few.