Gaza Humanitarian Crisis Situation Report 1

Gaza Humanitarian Crisis Situation Report 1

12:09
eag14_sitrep1_1
Situation Overview
-Since the beginning of the Gaza emergency on 7 July, the Palestinian death toll has exceeded 1,777 and over 25% of the Gaza population is thought to be displaced. 280,000 internal displaced persons (IDPs) are seeking refuge in 94 collective shelters (mainly schools) supported by The United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) for Palestine Refugees in the Near Eastand other public buildings (including schools); 200,000 are thought to be sheltering with neighbours and family.
-Children continue to bear the brunt of the crisis. The number of children killed stands at 392 with at least 2,744 injured. A minimum of 373,000 children require direct and specialised psychosocial support on account of having experienced death, injury or loss of home since hostilities began on 8 July.
-The Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), and health situation is dire. Water and sanitation services in Gaza cannot function without power and Gaza’s only power plant was shelled on 29 July. WASH services are currently operating at 20% capacity. The lack of water for both drinking and personal hygiene will result in widespread outbreaks of diarrhea if services do not resume.
-Collective shelters are particularly at risk with up to 5,000 people living in very close quarters. Averages of nearly 3,000 IDPs are taking refuge in each of the UNRWA schools, which normally have the capacity to accommodate only 500 people. These locations are a hotbed for the spread of disease.
-Attacks against UNRWA schools hosting thousands of IDPs, hospitals and crowded public markets continue. There is a growing feeling among the population that nowhere in Gaza is immune from attack.

-Of particular concern is the alarming number of incidents since the onset of the emergency in which multiple members of the same family have been killed. Up until the 29 July, at least 68 families have lost three or more family members in the same incident, for a total of 360 fatalities; 140 men, 73 women and 147 children. On 20 July, 25 members of a family were killed in a single airstrike on their home; 18 of those killed were children, aged 4 months to 14 years.

-In the West Bank and East Jerusalem, protests and clashes have intensified with almost daily demonstrations and clashes between youths and police.
UNICEF’s Response
Water, Sanitation & Hygiene (WASH)
-UNICEF and partners distributed 1,500 adult hygiene kits, 1,000 baby hygiene kits and 1,388 jerry cans. Procurement of additional supplies is focusing on 42 non-UNRWA collective shelters.
-UNICEF is facilitating the work of the Coastal Municipal Water Utility (CMWU) with office space, coordination, repairs to water tankers and critical repairs to infrastructure across Gaza. Limited repairs could be carried out due to on-going fighting and lack of humanitarian access; six municipal workers were killed while on duty.
-UNICEF has started distributing 6,000 hygiene kits and 6,000 jerry cans to displaced persons in public schools. Three UNICEF communal water points (bladders) have been installed and 10 more are awaiting approval by Israeli authorities.
-Vouchers for water, hygiene products and food were distributed to 2,300 vulnerable families whose homes have been destroyed through a joint World Food Programme-UNICEF (WFP-UNICEF) programme, building on WFP’s existing food voucher system. The aim is to support up to 10,000 families.

Health and Nutrition
-UNICEF provided hospitals in Gaza with essential vaccines (Penta, IPV and MMR), life-saving drugs and consumables to Gaza.
-Coordination with and technical advice to UNRWA and WFP on provision of fortified biscuits to displaced children aged 6 months to 2 years in collective shelters.
-Efforts are underway with WHO, Ministry of Health (MOH) and UNRWA to promote awareness raising on breastfeeding and the need to minimize risks of communicable diseases.
-UNICEF has also been working with partners in shelters and communities to raise awareness about the importance of breastfeeding.
Child Protection
-Psychosocial teams working across the Gaza Strip have provided psychosocial support to 1,870 children.
-Awareness raising about UXOs has been airing on radio stations daily to alert children and their families on the dangers posed by UXOs; up to 1 million people in Gaza are being reached on a regular basis. However, since the bombing of the power station and the lack of electricity in Gaza, this form of messaging is no longer effective. UNICEF will ensure that all protection partners working in the collective shelters deliver messaging verbally.
-Since 20 July,UNICEF has been using mobile phones to send out mass messages on child protection and psychosocial wellbeing to 200,000 families in Gaza. Messages include actions that parents can take to reduce the vulnerability of children to death and injury, to reduce distress and to prevent and respond to child abuse. There is also a free phone number to call for advice and support. Since 13 July, the Sawa Child Protection Helpline has been operating 24/7 and has answered 1,277 calls from people living in the most affected areas in Gaza, including 377 from children.
-Up to July, 4,000 blankets have been distributed to collective shelters, soon to be followed by clothing for girls, boys and women.
Education
-Psychosocial activities in six communal shelters are underway with 2,000 children and adolescents having participated as of 30 July. The distribution of Early Childhood Development Kits and ‘School in a Box’ for use by facilitators in public school shelters as part of specialized psychosocial support and Education is set to begin on 28 July. The formation of child/adolescent friendly areas in shelters is also in process.