Horn of Africa Crisis situation report 12

Horn of Africa Crisis situation report 12


20 October 2011

Situation overview


  • A 3 month report on the response to date is published, which includes an update on results achieved by end September also highlights that more needs to be done to save lives. Sustained support by the international community will be required to further scale up the emergency response and to ensure that immediate humanitarian action is implemented in tandem with medium to long-term drought mitigation and disaster risk reduction efforts. Please click here for details.
  • Currently, there are some 940,000 registered Somali refugees and asylum-seekers in neighboring countries, with Kenya, Yemen, Ethiopia and Djibouti hosting more than 90 percent of them. This year alone, 318,121 Somalis have sought refuge mostly in Kenya and Ethiopia. A sustained level of internal displacement in Somalia is expected into 2012 due to the prolonged impact of drought, famine and lack of humanitarian access.
  • October to December rains are underway in the region which will provide much needed relief for many areas affected by dryness. Meanwhile humanitarian agencies are scaling up their activities to address increasing needs due to heavy rains and floods in some regions. In Somalia, about 1,000 households have reportedly been displaced by rains, which are also blocking roads and further limiting access to affected populations.
  • New disease outbreaks have been reported across the region, with an increase in malaria and dengue fever in the north of Kenya. There is also a reported increase in measles amongst refugees in Dadaab, eastern Kenya, and central and south Somalia.
  • An experimental malaria vaccine halved the risk of African children getting malaria in a major clinical trial, making it likely to become the world’s first shot against the deadly disease.


  • The Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) Workshop came up with a new estimate of the vulnerable population: 210,000 people suffer from drought related effects, out of which 120,000 in rural areas, 60,000 in urban areas and 30,000 refugees.


  • The Deyr rains (October-December rains) have started in all the seven Deyr-receiving zones of the Somali Region. These seven Deyr-receiving zones in the Somali Region were most affected by the current drought and the recent rains are bringing some relief to the pastoral communities.
  • The overall water trucking requirement reduced during the past week, a consequence of the current rains. This week’s estimated requirement is 78 trucks nationally down from 157 trucks two weeks ago. Currently, 73 trucks are operating, leaving a gap of 5 trucks.
  • The subnational measles campaign that began on 25 September 2011 in the drought-affected woredas of the Somali Region bordering Somalia is progressing well despite recent heavy rains. The first phase of the campaign has been successfully completed in 16 of the targeted 18 woredas. Ten of 18 woredas targeted have reported preliminary (intra-campaign) progress reports, reaching 647,999 (80% of the target for phase I) children with measles vaccine (6 months-15 years). A total of 225,134 (74%) children 0-59 months also received polio vaccination.


  • Heavy rains have been reported in several parts of the country, including along the coast; in northwestern Kenya near the Kakuma Refugee Camp; and in northeastern Kenya along the Wajir-Somalia border including the Dadaab Refugee Camps. In preparation for further flooding, UNICEF and partners have developed a contingency plan for the 2011 short rains (October-December). UNICEF also continues to preposition essential supplies to mitigate the likelihood of interrupted humanitarian efforts in northern Kenya.
  • Concerns of disease outbreaks have been reported by local officials and residents in Mombasa and other coastal communities following more than ten days of torrential rain and flash flooding. Seven people lost their lives and four others were seriously injured; houses, schools, roads and sewage systems destroyed or damaged; and large areas submerged making it difficult for residents to access clean water in Kenya’s second largest city, Mombasa. Operations at Mombasa port have been disrupted due to persistent power outages; destroyed road infrastructure; and an inability to allow ships to berth because of rough seas. UNICEF is following the situation to determine what, if any, support is required to complement local efforts.


  • A total of 77,012 households received monthly blanket supplementary food rations benefitting approximately 462,072 people, including 67,925 children under five years of age, in Bay, Bakool, Hiran, Middle Juba and Lower Shabelle.
  • A total of 28,259 children are being reached in 280 CFSs now operational in Bay, Bakool, Banadir and Lower Shabelle, Lower Juba and Gedo.