Horn of Africa Crisis situation report 14

Horn of Africa Crisis situation report 14

12:00

3 November 2011

Situation overview

SOMALIA

  • Insecurity and the on-going rains continue to impede access to populations in need in south Somalia. Increased population movements are being reported as a result of conflict and fear of being caught in cross-fire.
  • Since January, 318,262 children have been admitted and treated at UNICEF supported nutrition centres (including 126,131severely malnourished children and 192,131 moderately malnourished children).
  • The mop up measles vaccination campaign in Mogadishu has been completed, covering 14 out of the planned 16 districts. Two districts were not reached due to insecurity. Preliminary reports from monitors indicate that a large number of children were reached including children that had never been vaccinated before.
  • During the week a total of 386,826 people gained access to water and 1,860 people newly accessed sanitation facilities.
  • A total of 31,933 children (including 14,376 girls and 17,557 boys) are benefiting from education, recreation and protection activities at 354 operational Child Friendly Spaces (CFS) in Bay, Hiraan, Bakool, Banadir, Lower/Middle Shabelle, Lower Juba and Gedo.

ETHIOPIA

Ethiopia Drought Situation

  • The food security situation continues to improve in most parts of Ethiopia, particularly in the highland areas. Kiremt rains have been generally favourable for planting and crop development and improved availability of pasture and water.
  • In Oromiya Region, phase I of the measles campaign has been completed in Bale and Borena zones and is on-going in East Hararghe and Guji zones.
  • The overall water trucking requirement decreased from 39 trucks in the previous week to 28 this week, reaching an estimated 52,000 people.

Somali Refugee Situation

  • As of 1 November 2011, the Somali refugee population in the four Dollo Ado camps stands at 128,889 including 6,101 people in the transit center. The average number of daily new arrivals for the month of October stands at 276.
  • The enrolment of children in primary school continues with 4,400 out 39,581 school-aged children (5-11 years) enrolled in the 4 Dollo Ado refugee camps. Progress in terms of enrolment is currently limited by the slow recruitment of teachers.
  • The nutrition survey started in Kobe camp on 29 October and is due to start next week in Hiloweyn. In Bokolmayo and Melkedida camps, the surveys will be conducted at the end of the year.
  • The two Mobile Health and Nutrition Teams supported by UNICEF continue their health work in Hiloweyn and Kobe camps. Discussions are on-going on deployment of a third MHNT once the new camp, Buramino, is established.
  • During the reporting period, the MHNT in Kobe screened 230 children under five for malnutrition. A total of 30% of the children screened were suffering from Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) and 16% were suffering from Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM). Around 5% of the total SAM cases and 9% of MAM cases were not enrolled in any nutrition treatment programme andwere referred to the respective OTP/Supplementary Feeding Programme (SFP) centres.

Sudanese Refugee Situation (Blue Nile State)

  • As of 30 October, 8,676 refugees are reported to be residing in Sherkole camp which has a maximum capacity of housing 8,000 refugees. Approximately, 3,943 refugees are now living in the new Tongo camp, and 2,550 refugees are in the transit centre.
  • There are 563 unaccompanied or separated children (394 boys and 169 girls) in the camps and the Adamazin transit centre. This number is being confirmed and actions by partners outlined to respond to their needs.

KENYA

  • In addition to increased insecurity across Kenya, heavy rains are hampering delivery of humanitarian assistance.
  • As reported last week, food, water, critical health and nutrition, and limited child protection services continue in the Dadaab refugee camps despite the heightened security measures and an agreement to limit operations to only essential services. Temporarily suspended non-essential activities include income-generating projects, social services, infrastructural work and transport of asylum-seekers from the border to the camps by IOM. In addition, cessation of registration of new refugees by the Department of Refugee Affairs (DRA) has continued this week.
  • Of considerable concern to UNICEF was this week’s decision to close primary schools (grades 1-7) as a result of threats made to teachers working in the camps’ schools. School examinations, which are taking place nationwide from 18 October to 14 November 2011, will however continue within the camps under tight security.
  • A significant reduction in the refugee influx into Kenya has been reported due to the ongoing military campaign between Kenyan forces and AS militants, as well as the onset of rains.

DJIBOUTI

  • This week the Ministry of Energy and Water received water tankers, gasoil tankers, truck cranes, tank transporters, fuel tanks, and a hydraulic excavator from the Japanese Government. This equipment will strengthen the Government’s capacity to cope with the effects of drought and climate change by increasing access to surface water and replenishing the groundwater table, and accelerating reforestation and the revitalization of grazing lands.