Ninewa is a province that makes up a third of Iraq’s territory. On 5 June 2014, armed opposition groups seized Mosul City in Ninewa. Five days later, Tal Afar, another city in Ninewa, had also been taken by the armed opposition groups. Electricity supply stopped in some districts in Mosul, which can affect the cold-chain in health facilities. Water supply is reduced in Mosul City and surrounding areas.
In a month, the violence killed more than 2,400 people, more than half of them are civilians. UN says that June was the deadliest month in the country since 2007.
Up to 1 million people are currently estimated displaced, including about 500,000 Mosul residents – up to half of whom are children.
The violence also triggered evacuation of government and humanitarian actors.
200,000 people fled from Tal Afar and settled in Sinjar, a town near the Syrian border. They are in urgent need of water, latrines, food, and especially tents to protect children and women from current extreme heat.
Some displaced people entered Erbil and Dohuk Governates in Kurdish region are also in urgent need of lifesaving supplies. A group of pregnant women and large number of children are seeking shelter in the main mosque and public marks.
Many are still stuck at the overcrowded checkpoints to Erbil and Dohuk. UNICEF and partners found many pregnant women and people with health issues have limited access to health service like ambulance for emergencies. There were no sanitation services available, and the areas are open with no available shade.
Field reports also indicate displacement form Diyala Governate continues, with families fleeing north to Tooz Khuramato and Kirkuk. The displaced people are in need of food, clothes and psycho-social attention.
In addition, increasing fuel shortages continue to negatively affect supply chains and contribute to inflated costs for goods and services in Anbar, Diyala, Ninewa, Dohuk and Erbil. In the city of Ramadi in Anbar Governorate, food prices have reportedly tripled.
UNICEF in Iraq has been responding to the refugee influx from Syria for the past three years or so. UNICEF and partners are working to meet the rapidly rising needs of those affected by the worsening crisis. In addition to the psychological impact on children, UNICEF is also concerned about the risk of disease outbreaks in the hot summer months. Immediate priorities include safe drinking water and adequate sanitation, as well as critical emergency immunization to prevent the spread of diseases such as polio, which has re-emerged in Iraq this year, and measles.
Water, Sanitation & Hygiene (WASH)
-One concern is the use of water as a weapon. The breaching of the Mosul Dam, the largest dam in Iraq, could cause large scale damage to Mosul, Salahadin and Baghdad, deprive water stocks with the onset of summer and destroy the capacity to support large scale food production in North Western Iraq.
-From the onset of this latest round of violence, UNICEF has delivered 100,000 litres of drinking water, 5,000 food parcels and 3,500 hygiene kits – which benefited more than 50,000 children.
-In Khazar Camp, WASH conditions are now in compliance with minimum emergency standards, after UNICEF set up latrines, water tanks and delivered potable water and hygiene kits at checkpoints and in the temporary camp. Approximately 2,000 IDPs benefited from a range of WASH intervention. UNICEF WASH sectors also mobilised partners to conduct hygiene promotion in the camp.
-In Garmawa IDP Camp, UNICEF distributed hygiene kits to UNICEF distributed hygiene kits to 94 families, installed four latrines, and completed the installation of a water tank and six water taps. UNICEF also ensured immediate response to the WASH needs of 51 families in Shireen village with the provision of 51 hygiene kits and 4,200 litres of safe drinking water.
-In Habbaniya city, Anbar Governorate, UNICEF distributed water test kits to schools for periodic assessment of water quality.
-UNICEF water trucking and garbage collection is ongoing for displaced people.
-Exams of ninth graders in Anbar and Diyala have been postponed; UNICEF has received reports of similar postponements in areas affected by violence.
-In Khazar Camp, displaced children now benefit from psychosocial and recreational activities in the newly established child friendly space. UNICEF has delivered recreation materials including 20 recreation kits and six tents, for approximately 15,000 children, many of whom are especially vulnerable.
-UNICEF also distributed 25,000 leaflets, advertising the ‘Child Helpline,’ throughout the Kurdistan region of Iraq (KR-I) and particularly in areas with large refugee and IDP populations. UNICEF and the International Medical Corps plan to initiate IDP interventions focusing on child rights monitoring, the establishment of an identification and registration system for separated and unaccompanied children, and referral to psycho-social services as needed.
|Health and Nutrition
-A four-day immunization campaign has just been completed on 27 June, reaching nearly 6,000 children with polio and measles vaccines. UNICEF has also procured 1 million doses of polio vaccines in support of an immunization campaign that begins on 6 July. UNICEF also provided technical assistance throughout the vaccination campaign.