Iraq Crisis Situation Report 2

Iraq Crisis Situation Report 2

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Situation Overview
Right now, 1.2 million are currently displaced and 1.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.
Fighting between IS and Peshmerga forces in Sinjar and other districts in Ninewa Governorate since 3 August have led to primary and multiple population displacement across Northern Iraq and Kurdistan, affecting more than 200,000 people, most of whom are of the Yazidi minority, in need of urgent lifesaving assistance.
Estimates of 8,000 Christian are internally displaced and seeking refuge from targeted violence in Erbil. The internal displaced persons (IDPs) are assisted by host families, local and religious authorities and the international community.
While the situation remains fluid and numbers are difficult to verify, thousands of families are still trapped on Jebel Sinjar (Sinjar Mountain) under dire living conditions.
The Kurdistan Regional Government faces increasing difficulties in dealing with the rapid and massive increase of population movements into the Kurdish Region of Iraq (KR-I), which adds to the burden of hosting 217,192 refugees from Syria within communities and 11 camps.
In response to the increasingly urgent humanitarian needs, UNICEF activated its rapid response mechanism, with the support of 5 partners, continuously prioritizing the delivery of assistance in hard to reach areas. However, activities in some areas of Anbar and Ninewa Governorates have been repeatedly disrupted by curfews and violence.

UNICEF’s Response
Water, Sanitation & Hygiene (WASH)
-UNICEF distributed more than 55,000 hygiene kits, 330,000 litres of bottled drinking water, 1,250 baby hygiene kits, more than 12,000 buckets and 5,500 jerry cans and additionally replenished the stocks of the implementing partners. Close to 100,000 IDPs benefitted from UNICEF’s emergency WASH interventions since August 5.
-Up till now, 439,168 people are provided with safe access to clean water and 237,302 people are reached with improved sanitation systems.
-5,920 school children benefitted from clean and sanitary learning environment for improved health and learning outcomes whereas 387,987 people are provided with hygiene materials and sensitized to safe hygiene practices.

Education
-UNICEF, jointly with the Education Cluster partners accelerates the preparations for this year’s ‘Back to School campaign’. Due to the drastic increase of displaced populations and occupied public facilities and schools, which serve as shelter for the affected population, the education cluster started to develop a new strategy in order to adapt to the new challenges and decided to postpone this year’s campaign.
-17,240 school-aged children including adolescents have been reached by schools.
-7,807 children received learning materials such as school-in-a box kits and recreational kits; 220 teachers have been trained to provide psycho-social support.
Health and Nutrition
-UNICEF and partners distributed 1,700 cartons of High Energy Biscuits in areas with high concentration of IDPs. These supplies are primarily being used as supplementary food for under five years old IDP children, who are suffering from lack of food and starvation and are sufficient for 34,000 children for one day.
-Additionally UNICEF supplied 250 cartons of High Energy Biscuits and 2,000 sachets of Oral Rehydration Solution (sufficient for the management of more than 300 cases of diarrhoea); 125 Cartons (1,000 Kg) of High Energy Biscuits were additionally given to Heevi Paediatric hospital for management of moderately malnourished IDP children.
-8,402 children and youth age from 6 months to 23 years are vaccinated against measles and 191,239 children under 5 are vaccinated against polio; 2,000 people are reached with health promotion campaigns.
Child Protection
-UNICEF provided psychosocial support services to approximately 2,000 children in seven Child Friendly Spaces (CFS) in urban and camp settings across Ninewa, Dohuk, Diyala and Erbil Governorates. A total of 3,620 affected children received psycho-social support.·
-UNICEF deployed its partners in Erbil Governorate to assess the population movement, humanitarian needs, cases of family separation, opportunities to organize psychosocial support for children via CFSs and to monitor and report on grave violations against children in armed conflict. Till now, 85 reported cases of grave violation of child rights have beenverified and referred for support.
-The Child Protection Rapid needs assessment for Erbil Governorate was initiated by UNICEF and partners.
-The Support Helpline is now operational 24/7 and received 50 calls during the past week, of which 40% were from IDPs.