Sichuan Earthquake Situation Report 1

Sichuan Earthquake Situation Report 1

16:29

Earthquake situation

  • A 7.0-magnitude earthquake hit Lushan County of Ya’an City in southwest China’s Sichuan Province on Saturday 20 April 2013 at 8:02 AM local time.
  • Lushan County is around 120 km from the provincial capital, Chengdu. The region continues to experience aftershocks exceeding 5.0 in magnitude.
  • As of 22 April 2013, the earthquake has killed 203 people, injured 11,492 others, and affected more than 1.5 million people, according to the Ministry of Civil Affairs. According to Lushan County authorities, 10 schoolchildren were killed and 7 injured.
  • Ya’an (population: 1.5 million), a prefectural-level city, accounts for >90% of the fatalities reported to date. In Lushan County, the epicentre of the earthquake, >90% of buildings were damaged, while in Baoxing County (Ya’an prefectural seat), >60% of buildings were damaged.
  • The first night after the quake, rain slowed rescue work. Forecasts call for more rain in the next several days, and the China Meteorological Administration warns of possible landslides and other secondary geological disasters.


Basic information about Lushan County

  • Total population: 120,000, of which 99% is Han.
  • Child population (0-17): 26,600 (13,800 boys, 12,800 girls)
  • The most seriously affected township in Lushan County is Longmen Township (population: 20,000). Other seriously affected townships include Baosheng and Taiping.
  • The main road to Lushan County is blocked by rocks caused by landslide, making it difficult to access the worst-hit areas.
  • Lushan is an existing UNICEF project county, where UNICEF currently has one Child Friendly Space which has been continuously providing services since its establishment after the 2008 earthquake.

Shelter

  • The Ministry of Civil Affairs has sent 30,000 tents, 50,000 quilts and 10,000 folding beds to the affected area
  • Major settlement camps have been established in Lushan Middle School, etc.

Health and Nutrition

  • Currently, earthquake-affected patients are receiving medical treatment in tents and on the grounds near the Lushan County Hospital and Lushan People’s Hospital.

WASH

  • According to the 2010 Census, around 80% of households had access to piped water. However, in the aftermath of the earthquake, the water supply has been cut.

Education

  • Because the earthquake struck on a Saturday, class was not in session.
  • As of 2011, Lushan has 24 primary schools, with 8,536 students enrolled and 6 secondary schools, with 5,099 students enrolled.

Child Protection

  • After the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, UNICEF set up 40 Child Friendly Spaces throughout the earthquake zone, including 2 in Lushan County. The UNICEF’s partners at the Child Friendly Space located near Lushan County have reported that childrenare safe, though displaced from their homes.