Hong Kong (2 July 2011) – Verbal violence is violence, while emotional maltreatment is also maltreatment. To investigate the parent-child interactions of families in Hong Kong and to raise the public awareness of emotional maltreatment, the online radio station ‘Voices of Youth (VOY)’ of Hong Kong Committee for UNICEF (HKCU) and fresh UNICEF Young Envoys 2011 jointly conducted a survey on ‘Emotional Maltreatment in Family’. Survey findings show that more than half of the comments made by parents which hurt children the most involve criticism to their abilities. Moreover, more than 30% of the parents think that ‘making jokes on children’s weaknesses when chatting’ and ‘scolding children loudly when they make mistakes’ are acceptable. HKCU reminds the public that emotional maltreatment will also impose adverse effects on the mental and physical development of children and youngsters. Many parents may have hurt the self images of children unconsciously in their daily lives, which resulted and may results in emotional maltreatment in family.
Emotional maltreatment refers to attacks on the 3 psychological aspects of children’s senses of worth, self and safety, such as ridicule, threats and intimidation. Emotional maltreatment inflicted upon children may have a range of negative behavioural impacts in their childhood and beyond. The survey on ‘Emotional Maltreatment in Family’ was conducted through street interviews and questionnaires from April to May this year by VOY and the Young Envoys. A total of 438 parents with children aged 6 to 15 and 503 students ranging from P5 to S3 participated in the survey.
The survey findings show that many parents in Hong Kong may have involved in emotional maltreatment on children relating to children’s abilities, especially that of their studies. Child respondents point out 83 comments made by parents which hurt them the most. Over half of the comments are related to parents’ criticism on their abilities and self images, such as ‘生嚿义燒好過生你！(It is better to give birth to BBQ pork than you!)’ and ‘你做人好失敗！(You are a failure!)’, in which nearly 25% involved comparisons with other children (see Table 1 for details). In fact, almost 90% of the student respondents think that ‘getting good results at school’ is their parents’ expectation; nearly 70% of them point out that their parents make comparisons to different extent once a month and 13% show comparisons more than 10 times a month.
|Also, many parents’ behaviour in daily lives has inflicted, involved or may lead to emotional maltreatment unconsciously. According to survey findings, over 45% of parent respondents think that ‘mild corporal punishment’ is acceptable and more than 30% of them accept ‘making jokes on children’s weaknesses when chatting’ and ‘scolding children loudly when they make mistakes’. Besides, over 20% of parent respondents think that ‘quarrelling with family members in front of children’, ‘arranging extra-curricular activities without discussions with children’, ‘punishing children who make mistakes by ignoring them’ and ‘making comparisons of children with others’ are acceptable.|
VOY host Rani Siu said, “Parents often hurt us when making comments, especially when they are angry. Having no response or complaint doesn’t mean that we think it’s alright. In fact, we just don’t want to intensify the situation, but the words may have already hurt us and we could never forget them.” HKCU’s online radio station VOY has been serving as a channel for youngsters to voice their opinions. This year, 4 students from Hong Kong Red Cross Princess Alexandra School will join the young hosts of the programme and bring voices of youngsters with special needs to the society. Starting from 1 July, HKCU will partner with Radio 2 of RTHK and launch a new series of VOY programme. The live show will be broadcast on the brand new VOY website and RTHK’s Teen Power website from 7:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. every Friday. Audience is welcome to communicate instantly with the young hosts through various online social networks, such as facebook, msn and E-mails.
New series of UNICEF’s online radio station ‘Voice of Youth’ starts in July
Live broadcast from 7:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. every Friday
|Download full version of the executive summery of the survey on ‘Emotional Maltreatment in the Family’ (Chinese version only)|