Innovation can drive change for most disadvantaged children – UNICEF Report


Innovation can drive change for most disadvantaged children – UNICEF Report

Global News 00:37
On the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, The State of the World’s Children report lays out an agenda for change
NEW YORK/ HONG KONG, 20 November 2014 – Urgent action is needed to prevent millions of children from missing out on the benefits of innovation, UNICEF said in a new report launched on the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Connectivity and collaboration can fuel new global networks to leverage innovation to reach every child, according to the children’s agency.
SOWC2015 The State of the World’s Children Report – Reimagine the future: Innovation for every child calls on governments, development professionals, businesses, activists and communities to work together to drive new ideas for tackling some of the most pressing problems facing children – and to find new ways of scaling up the best and most promising local innovations.

The report is a crowd-sourced compilation of cutting-edge innovations and an interactive platform that maps innovations in countries all over the world and invites innovators to put their own ideas ‘on the map’.

“Inequity is as old as humanity, but so is innovation – and it has always driven humanity’s progress,” said UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake. “In our ever-more connected world, local solutions can have global impact – benefiting children in every country who still face inequity and injustice every day.

“For innovation to benefit every child, we have to be more innovative – rethinking the way we foster and fuel new ideas to solve our oldest problems,” said Lake. “The best solutions to our toughest challenges won’t come exclusively either from the top down or the grassroots up, or from one group of nations to another. They will come from new problem solving networks and communities of innovation that cross borders and cross sectors to reach the hardest to reach – and they will come from young people, adolescents and children themselves.”

Children use a computer at a small-group home in the south-eastern city of Rustavi. Small-group homes accommodate children who cannot be adopted or reintegrated into their biological families. The homes were established following the closure of a local children’s institution; they are supported by UNICEF and the Georgian NGO Child and Environment. Children in the homes are assigned ‘mother’ and ‘father’ caretakers, who create a family-like environment for a small number of children.  In January-February 2010 in Georgia, UNICEF continues to support efforts to improve care and protection for vulnerable children, particularly impoverished and disabled children left without parental care. It is estimated that over a million children in Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States are living in institutions, many of them abandoned by families unable to care for them due to poverty or disability. With support from UNICEF and other partners, the Government of Georgia has launched multiple efforts to reduce the number of children living in institutions. Deinstitutionalization efforts include establishing fostering, adoption and community-care alternatives to institutionalization and providing assistance for families in poverty and families with disabled children. Beginning in 1999, the Government enacted child welfare reforms and recruited social workers to support families at risk of placing children into institutions. By 2008, the number of children living in state-operated institutions dropped to 2,600, although others may continue to live in non-state facilities. UNICEF and partners complement the Government’s efforts with additional services for vulnerable children, including foster care, small-group homes, day care and education support. Further efforts are required to provide appropriate care to children with disabilities, and to provide economic and other assistance to families in need.
© UNICEF/NYHQ2010-3011/Pirozzi
The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989. Since then, there has been tremendous progress in advancing child rights – with a huge reduction in the numbers of children dying before the age of five and increased access to education and clean water.
However, the rights of millions of children are violated every day, with the poorest 20 percent of the world’s children twice as likely as the richest 20 percent to die before their fifth birthday, almost one in four children in the least developed countries engaged in child labour, and millions of children regularly experiencing discrimination, physical and sexual violence, and abuse and neglect.
(Foreground) Mariam, 15, feeds her 10-month-old sister, Fatouma, from a package of Plumpy’nut, at the UNICEF-supported outpatient feeding centre in the town of Bitkine, Guera region. Plumpy’nut, a brand of ready-to-use therapeutic food, is a high-protein, high-energy, peanut-based, packaged paste for malnourished children that does not require cooking or handling. Behind them, Aljema, 8, feeds another type of therapeutic food to Toma, her younger sister.

© UNICEF/NYHQ2012-2358/Asselin
The latest edition of UNICEF’s flagship report argues that innovations such as oral rehydration salts or ready-to-use therapeutic foods have helped drive radical change in the lives of millions of children in the last 25 years – and that more innovative products, processes, and partnerships are critical to realizing the rights of the hardest to reach children. The fully digital report includes multimedia and interactive content that invites readers to share their own ideas and innovations, and highlights outstanding innovations that are already improving lives in countries around the world from a wide range of countries, including:
– Solar Ear, the world’s first rechargeable hearing aid battery charger, developed to meet the needs of communities lacking regular access to electricity; it can be charged via the sun, household light, or a cell phone plug. (Tendekayi Katsiga, Deaftronics, Botswana / Zimbabwe)
– Community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM), a model of care that moves away from the traditional, expensive, low-coverage model of inpatient therapeutic feeding centres run by aid agencies, treats people in their homes with the support of local clinics and using ready-to-use therapeutic foods. (Steve Collins, co-Founder and Director of VALID Nutrition)
– New ways to engage Liberian youth in the midst of the Ebola crisis through U-report, a mobile phone-based system developed with young people, that helps examine what issues are most important to them. (UNICEF, Liberia)
– Floating schools that provide year-round access to education for children living in flood-prone regions of Bangladesh. (Mohammed Rezwan, Founding Executive Director of the NGO Shidhulai Swanirvar Sangstha)
– Vibrasor, a device invented by two teenage girls in Colombia, to help people with hearing impairments navigate safely through busy urban areas. (Isamar Cartagena, Katherine Fernandez)
– To find a new solution to help those without regular access to electricity in Nigeria, four teenage girls invented a urine-powered generator. (Nigeria)
“There are so many young inventors all across the globe – even in the remotest corners – who are committed to changing the world for children,” says Bisman Deu, a 16-year old from Chandigarh, India whose invention of a building material made from rice waste is featured in UNICEF’s report.
“Every nation has different problems and every person has different solutions,” said Deu. “We need to learn from one another’s experiences, come together as a global community of innovation and keep producing ideas that can make a real difference.”
UNICEF has prioritized innovation across its network of more than 190 countries, setting up labs around the world including in Afghanistan, Chile, Kosovo, Uganda, and Zambia to foster new ways of thinking, working and collaborating with partners and to nurture local talent.
Click here to read the full report.