孟加拉15萬名羅興亞兒童獲接種疫苗 免受疾病爆發威脅

 

孟加拉15萬名羅興亞兒童獲接種疫苗 免受疾病爆發威脅

On 6 September 2017, a mother and child who are newly arrived Rohingya refugees from Myanmar walk through paddy fields and flooded land after they fled over the border into Cox's Bazar district, Chittagong Division in Bangladesh.

By 5 September 2017, more than 146,000 Rohingya refugees fled across the border from Rakhine State, Myanmar, into Cox's Bazar district, Chittagong Division in Bangladesh since 25 August. As many as 80 per cent of the new arrivals are women and children. More than 70 000 children need urgent humanitarian assistance. More than 100,000 of the newly arrived refugees are currently residing in makeshift settlements and official refugee camps that are extremely overcrowded while 10,000 newly arrived refugees are in host communities. In addition, 33,000 arrivals are in new spontaneous sites, which are quickly expanding.  While some refugees are making their own shelters, the majority of people are staying in the open, suffering from exhaustion, sickness and hunger. Cox’s Bazar district of Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable districts, not only for its poor performance in child related indicators but also for its vulnerability to natural hazards.  Most people walked 50 or 60 kilometers for up to six days and are in dire need of food, water and protection. Many children are suffering from cold fever as they are drenched in rain and lack additional clothes. Children and adolescents, especially girls, are vulnerable to trafficking as different child trafficking groups are active in the region. Many more children in need of support and protection remain in the areas of northern Rakhine State that have been wracked by violence.

In Bangladesh, UNICEF is scaling up its response to provide refugee children with protection, nutrition, health, water and sanitation support. With the recent influx of refugees, demand has increased and UNICEF is working to mobilize more support and strengthen its existing activities. For recreational and psychosocial

© UNICEF/UN0119953/Brown

2017年9月6日,羅興亞母親與孩子從緬甸逃往孟加拉科克斯巴扎爾,在稻田和河灘荒地行走。

麻疹、德國麻疹、小兒麻痹症疫苗接種計劃在難民營展開。

孟加拉/香港,2017917─針對麻疹,德國麻疹和小兒麻痺症的疫苗接種計劃在緬甸邊界68個難民營展開,為15萬名15歲以下的羅興亞兒童接種疫苗。

疫苗接種計劃為期7天,由聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)和世界衞生組織(WHO)支援。UNICEF負責提供疫苗、針筒和維生素A膠囊。WHO負責統籌疫苗接種計劃、管理和監測執行情況,確保每位孩子能接種疫苗。

自8月25日,已有超過41萬名羅興亞難民逃往孟加拉,每天有數千名難民抵達。據初步估計,6成是兒童。

WHO駐孟加拉代表說:「我們很高興能迅速展開疫苗接種計劃,保障難民健康,防止麻疹爆發。接種計劃能如此成功有賴衞生部的合作和帶領。」

UNICEF駐孟加拉代表埃杜表示,緊急情況下,麻疹是高傳染性的危險疾病,特別對於疲弱和營養不良兒童。「每日有成千上萬兒童過境,接種疫苗有助防止致命疾病傳播。」

羅興亞難民持續增加,UNICEF和WHO拓展健康和營養服務計劃,具體如下:

  • 協助衞生部加強常規疫苗接種計劃。
  • 支援衞生部增加醫生、護士、實驗室技術人員,提升孕婦、嬰兒、兒童、青少年的保健服務質素。
  • 改善特殊新生兒護理服務、產前產後護理服務、青少年護理服務。
  • 改善食水、環境及衞生設施。
  • 加強健康管理,提升基層項目的應變措施。
  • 加強流行病監測及警報系統。
  • 支援健康管理資訊系統,進一步充實相關數據庫。

UNICEF亦從達卡及哥本哈根供應中心發送額外保健和營養用品。

難民人數不斷增加,UNICEF發出港幣56.9萬元的籌募呼籲,在未來三個月為羅興亞兒童提供緊急援助。