5種方式杜絕針對女童的暴力事件

 

5種方式杜絕針對女童的暴力事件

[NAME CHANGED] Gertrude, 15, who attends grade CM2, the last year of primary school, stands against a wall in Ndenga village, Kaga Bandoro, Central African Republic, Saturday 4 November 2017. "I missed two years of school because the Séléka [rebels] attacked our village and we fled to the bush" says Gertrude. "While looking for food my father and my cousin were killed by the Séléka, and it made me very angry so I joined the anti-balaka group. I was 12 at the time. I used to cook for them. Now I am back to school and happy, but life is still very difficult because we are eight children at home, with my father dead and my mother handicapped. What I dream of in the future is to be able to do some trade, maybe have a little shop so I can support my family.”

As of October 2017, violent clashes and inter-communal tensions fuelled by armed groups have continuously increased in the Central African Republic (CAR). In the absence of an effective judicial system and basic security services by the public administration, armed groups have continued to perpetrate violent and destabilizing acts, of which the civilian population is the main victim. The targeting of minorities, including women and children, has resurfaced, with killings and attacks against communities multiplying.

Conflict and forced displacement is increasingly widespread and impacting previously unaffected parts of the country. As the crisis further expands towards the southeast and northwest of the country, there are new displacements and there is a significant risk that the condition of people previously displaced that remain in camps will deteriorate. Nearly one family out of four has already been forced to flee or seek refuge in neighbouring countries.

While the official opening of the 2017–2018 school year kicked off on 18 September, many schools remain closed in areas where violence and insecurity persists. According to the Ministry of Education, over 170,000 children had not started school by t

© UNICEF/UN0149414/Sokhin

在中非共和國的恩德加村,15歲的格特魯德靠牆而站。她說:「因為叛軍襲擊村莊,我們只能逃進山林,我已有兩年沒有上學。現在我可以回到學校,我很開心,但生活仍很艱難。我們家有8個孩子,爸爸已經去世,媽媽又身患殘疾。我的夢想是做些小生意,或者可以開間小店舖,這樣我就可以養活全家。」

當聽到「針對女童的暴力」時,你想起甚麽?

或者是最近的新聞:「博科聖地」武裝分子綁架尼日利亞女學生,並很大機會她們會像以前的受害者一樣,被迫嫁給綁架者。

或者是全球有1.2億名女童曾受性暴力侵害的事實。

或者是你或你的姊妹在上學途中被騷擾及嘲弄的經驗。

在上學途中、課室、家中、難民營、操場上,到處都有女童被騷擾和暴力對待。全球有超過8成女童於17歲前曾經歷街頭騷擾。美國有超過1成女童在11歲前曾受與性有關的嘲弄。患精神疾病的女童特別危險,在澳洲,當中有68%都是性侵犯的受害者。

UNI195858

© UNICEF/UNI195858/Imperato

馬古在家中望出窗外。她與媽媽和弟弟在西班牙北部一條擁有住着5,000名居民的村莊生活。馬古曾被受過爸爸在性和身體上的雙重虐待。在沉默中忍受很長時間後,兩年前,她的老師發現事情不妥,馬古終於把自己的遭遇說出來。之後,她得到學校和心理醫生的幫助。

全球有7.5億名婦女和女童未成年時結婚。女童越早結婚,受社交孤立和依賴他人的機會就越大,這些都會令他們變得更脆弱,更有可能在家中遭受身體暴力及性暴力。

即使在家中目睹暴力事件也會引致嚴重後果。25% 5歲以下兒童與受伴侶暴力侵害的媽媽一起生活。這些兒童更容易在成年後繼續陷入暴力循環,無論是作為受害者還是施暴者。

騷擾和暴力造成的後果深刻而長久。因為女童缺乏安全感,所以會避開由男性主導的研究或輟學。她們學會保持沉默和變得卑微,令性別不平等的案例統計數據居高不下。

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© UNICEF/UN0141031/LeMoyne

在孟加拉科克斯巴紮爾附近的Uchiprang難民營新開設的臨時學習中心,女童在研究充氣地球儀,它是「盒子裏的學校」包含的學習用品。

在國際婦女節,我們向所有人展示勇於說出「夠了」的人。無論在和平國度,還是衝突地區,他們的聲音都會遠近回響。你可以透過實踐以下5種方式,與我們共同創造讓所有女童和婦女不再恐懼和受暴力侵害的世界:

  • 不要施暴。針對女童和婦女的暴力包括欺淩、騷擾、身體和性方面的侵犯。它會在家中或公共場所發生。要盡力解決問題,而不是製造問題。
  • 與家中或社區的兒童談論性虐待話題。告訴他們,在非自願的情況下有別人觸碰自己就是不對。如果有人讓他們感到不舒服,要勇於發聲。教導他們使用社交網絡如「U-報告」,這樣他們就可透過由約500萬人組成的全球社交平台發聲。
  • 透過與朋友、家人和更廣泛的社交網絡分享他們的故事來支持年輕的積極分子。慶祝他們取得的成就並協助改變局面。讓人知道暴力循環將在這代年青人手中終結。
  • 參加「時間到了 (Time’s Up)」等活動。將施暴者繩之於法,確保女童能在長大後安全地生活和工作。
  • 發現問題時,要發聲並為性暴力和性騷擾的受害者提供支援。如果保持沉默,虐待將繼續發生。所有人都要發出明確的信息,不可容忍針對婦女和女童的暴力。