拯救敘利亞有需要兒童的工作仍困難重重

 

拯救敘利亞有需要兒童的工作仍困難重重

On 30 July, Ismail, 10, carrying empty pots and pans on his head, is on his way to join other children in a meal distribution line, in the newly established Areesheh displacement camp in Hassakeh Governorate. Ismail, who has covered his head with a wet towel as protection against the scorching heat, was displaced from Deir Ez Zor Governorate four weeks ago. Many children and families displaced from Raqqa and Dier Ez Zor are arriving in camps weak and dehydrated. UNICEF-supported health and nutrition teams are also distributing much-needed nutritional supplements and micronutrients and screening children and mothers for malnutrition in the makeshift camp, where 4,000–5,000 people are currently sheltering in harsh conditions. UNICEF is trucking in 60,000 litres of safe drinking water daily, distributing family hygiene kits and installing water tanks in the camp.

In July 2017 in the Syrian Arab Republic, intense conflict and violence persist in many parts of the country, and all areas have been affected by the continuing crisis – now in its seventh year. The conflict has resulted in thousands of deaths and injuries, increased internal displacement, a devastated economy, lost livelihoods and mounting humanitarian needs. As fighting escalates in the governorates of Raqqa and Deir-ez-Zor in the country’s north-east, families are fleeing the violence and seeking safety in tented camps set up in the desert in Raqqa and Hassakeh governorates. An estimated 200,000 people, nearly half of whom are children, have fled ongoing fighting in Raqqa Governorate since April 2017. In Hassakeh Governorate, 4,000–5,000 people are living in harsh conditions in Areesheh, one of the newly established camps. To meet the immediate needs of children and families, UNICEF is trucking in safe drinking water, distributing family hygiene kits and installing water tanks. UNICEF is also distributing vital nutritional supplements and micronutrients to children and mothers to prevent malnutrition.
© UNICEF/UN075004/Amin

在聯合國安全理事會 (安理會)就敘利亞問題召開會議前夕,聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)再次呼籲各國不論面對身在何方的兒童,都應竭力保障他們安全,並確保無條件的人道救援服務能送達有需要的兒童的手上。有報告指出,在敘利亞南部的庫奈特拉 (Quneitra) ,55,000名兒童的人道救援遭到中斷。

聯合國兒童基金會中東和北非地區總監 卡柏萊爾 (Geert Cappelaere) 發表聲明:

安曼/香港,2018年7月20日 — 敘利亞南部近日發生暴力衝突,根據估計,共有高達18萬人因此而離鄉別井,逃難原來的居住地。而據 UNICEF 估計,當中有半數人口為兒童。同時,根據報導,針對這些兒童和其家庭的基本救生人道援助亦因此而被迫中斷。

在過去數年間,人道救護物資在進入敘利亞時均受到嚴格限制、有條件放行,甚至遭到敘利亞當局拒絕入境。結果在過去七年半間,許多兒童都因欠缺救援物資而白白丟失了性命。16歲的Ali是云云死難兒童之一,她因為救援物資被拒絕進入當地,最終因為嚴重營養不良而死亡。

假如那些人道救援物資都能無條件和及時地送到有需要的人手上,許多在敘利亞的無辜生命都本應能輕易地挽救回來。

人道救援等同於拯救生命——那些男女老幼的無辜生命。這是出於人道主義考慮,而非一件需要商榷的事。剝奪兒童獲取人道援助的權利,正正違反了聯合國安理會最關注的的六個嚴重侵害兒童權利之一。衝突各方若刻意和任意侵犯此權利,都必須負上責任。

在伊德利卜省,兩個遭包圍的村落已有好幾年無法得到人道援助。值得慶幸的是,居於那兩個村落的兒童和其家人,經過三年之後,終於能搬到更安全的地方。

儘管面對種種挑戰,人道救援人員仍繼續為敍利亞最需要的一群提供至關重要的救援協助。不過,接連出現針對人道救援人員的攻擊則讓人十分憂慮。他們任何時候都必須受到保護,絕不應淪為攻擊目標。

在敍利亞有600萬名兒童需要援助。UNICEF在此為他們呼籲,不論他們身處敍利亞何地,人道物資都要及時、持續、安全、無條件和無障礙地運送予所有的兒童。此外,能夠與他們接觸亦極其重要,我們不只要把援助送到他們手上,更可以到現場為他們提供醫療服務。

UNICEF呼籲安理會的全體成員繼續對衝突各方施壓,從而讓人道救援人員及機構可以安全和不受限制地到敍利亞進行援助工作;不論有需要的兒童身處何地,不管是誰操控着他們所居住的地方,讓人道救援隊伍可以協助有需要的兒童:這要求一點也不過份吧?