(只有英文)颶風馬修吹襲後 兒童重返校園

 

(只有英文)颶風馬修吹襲後 兒童重返校園

On 23 November 2016 in Haiti, (left to right) Élodie (7), Givelore (8), Francesca (6), Érica (8) gather outside their school, the Notre Dame de Lourdes school, in Jérémie.

By 4 January 2017, UNICEF had completed the restoration of 14 schools, with another 107 in various stages of progress. These restored schools have made it possible for 4,200 students to return to class. In total, it’s expected that over 36,000 students will return to the schools rehabilitated by UNICEF.

Almost three months after hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on 4 October 2016, UNICEF and its partners continue to deliver humanitarian aid to those most affected by the category 4 storm. Over 2 million people including 900,000 children were affected by the hurricane, of which 1.4 million require humanitarian assistance including 600,000 children.  In addition to the personal losses of homes and crops, over 716 schools, and many health facilities and the existing sanitation infrastructure all suffered damage.

"Three months after Matthew, we can already see improvements: safe water is increasingly available, the vast majority of schools have reopened as have a number of health facilities; and areas that are the most difficult to access are receiving assistance. UNICEF is continuing to fulfil its mandate and obligations to emergency and development efforts," said UNICEF Representative in Haiti Marc Vincent.

Hurricane Matthew passed over Haiti with heavy rains and winds. While the capital Port-au-Prince was mostly spared from the hurricane's full strength. The western area of Grand'Anse, however, was in the direct path. The cities of Les Cayes and Jeremie received full force sustaining winds and water damage across wide areas. Coastal towns were severely damaged as were many homes in remote mountainous regions. An estimated 500,000 children live in the Grand'Anse and South departments, the areas worst hit by Hurricane Matthew.

© UNICEF/UN047536/Bradley

(只提供英文版本)

By Pedro Ivo Alcantara

More than a month after Hurricane Matthew passed over Haiti, the hardest-hit areas are still recovering. In the town of Les Cayes, Ashleina and her friend Pauleta are excited to finally get back to class, even though their school has been partially damaged.

© UNICEF Haiti/2016/Alcantara
At the École Nationale Charles Lassegue in Les Cayes, Haiti, students attend class with their new school materials, provided by UNICEF. Les Cayes is one of Hurricane Matthew hardest hit cities.

LES CAYES, Haiti/ HONG KONG, 16 November 2016 – “I am very happy to see my friends again and to be back to my school,” says Ashleina Jacques. She is a young girl, 10 years old, with bright eyes, and she cannot contain her joy. She has been waiting for what feels like such a long time.

Since Hurricane Matthew made landfall on 4 October, life has not been easy for the children of Les Cayes – a city in the South Department that is still recovering from the destruction left behind by the storm.

But Ashleina and her friend Saintyl Pauleta, 12, are happy to resume their education. The girls study in the École Nationale Charles Lassegue, which reopened on Monday, 18 October.

During the hurricane, the house where Ashleina lives with her parents and two sisters lost its roof, but remained standing. Pauleta’s house, however, was unable to withstand the heavy winds and ultimately collapsed. She lost everything, including all of her schoolbooks and supplies. Today she lives in one of the classrooms of her school, which now serves as a shelter to families left homeless by the hurricane.

Damaged schools

Just two weeks after the disaster, The Haitian Ministry of Education began reopening schools in the worst hit departments of the country. More than 700 schools were affected and about 86 schools are being used as temporary shelters, causing school disruption for around 150,000 children.

It is estimated that in the South Department, where Ashleina and Pauleta live, 126 public schools have been seriously damaged. In the Grande Anse Department, 209 public schools have been affected, with 107 of them sustaining heavy damage.

The École Nationale Charles Lassegue has reopened, even though one of its buildings was severely damaged by the storm and most of its teaching materials and supplies have been lost or damaged. Some classrooms have become provisional shelter for displaced families like Pauleta’s.

backtoschool2

© UNICEF Haiti/2016/Alcantara
Ashleina (left), 10, stands with her friend Pauleta, 12. “I am very happy to see my friends again and to be back to my school," says Asheina.

Before the hurricane, the school had 447 students. Now, 113 children from nearby damaged schools have also been temporarily enroled.

“Many of my students lost everything, their houses, their clothes and also their school materials,” says Micheline Nogaüs Joujoute, the principal of the school.

backtoschool3

© UNICEF Haiti/2016/Alcantara
Children gather outside the École Nationale Charles Lassegue. One of the school buildings was severely damaged by the storm and most of its teaching materials and supplies have been lost or damaged. Some classrooms have become provisional shelter for displaced families.

UNICEF response 

UNICEF is supporting the Ministry of Education in the hurricane-affected areas by refurbishing schools, including ensuring suitable WASH facilities; providing furniture like benches, tables and blackboards; providing school kits to children; and providing teaching kits to teachers.

With the support of UNICEF, 1,096 affected children, including 400 preschool-aged children and 30 teachers in the South Department received school supplies just 15 days after the hurricane.

“UNICEF and partners are working with national counterparts to find sustainable alternatives for people temporarily accommodated in schools, while at the same time working to ensure repairs of water and sanitation infrastructure in anticipation of resumption of education activities,” says Marc Vincent, UNICEF Haiti Representative.

Recovering

For children affected by emergencies like Ashleina and Pauleta, being back at school is significant. It is one of the most important steps towards helping them deal with the stress of the situation and get back the joy of being a child.

As one teacher remarked, “After the hurricane, they were traumatized and sad. Now that they are going to school, they are smiling again.”

backtoschool4

© UNICEF Haiti/2016/Alcantara
Children attend class with their new school materials, provided by UNICEF. Most schools in Haiti’s hardest hit areas reopened just two weeks after the storm.