(只有英文)聯合國兒童基金會報告:厄爾尼諾現象結束 惟其影響加劇 兒童患病及營養不良情況將會持續

 

(只有英文)聯合國兒童基金會報告:厄爾尼諾現象結束 惟其影響加劇 兒童患病及營養不良情況將會持續

Mothers bring their babies and young children to be screened for malnutrition at the community health post. One mother, Marianna, is here with her two year old daughter, Tamina, to receive their latest supply of emergency therapeutic food as Tamina has been diagnosed with severe acute malnutrition. Speaking about why Tamina is sick, Marianna says “we lost everything, we haven’t harvested any crops for over two years – nothing. While we wait for the rain to return we’ve had to lease out some of our land”. It means that if the rains return though, the family has lost some of their land to a long lease, and therefore some of their profits. “At the moment I’m selling firewood when I can. I have to rent donkeys though and I can’t always afford that. We are living hand to mouth. Gone are the days that we harvested maize, wheat, sorgum. Last year nothing grew.” The health post is surrounded by fields turned to dust, the children are covered in it as they wait to be seen at the health post. Marianna says that two years ago she was able to feed her older two children, who are five and six years old. “We had enough grain to sell, as well as eat. There was money to manage the household and I felt I could care for the family well”. After Tamina was born, they harvested less and less. Tamina started losing weight, then completely lost her appetite and then became very sick. That was around eight months ago. She was admitted to the local health centre and diagnosed with severe acute malnutrition with complications. As she pulls a scarf around her youngest child, trying to soothe her, her mother says she was so weak but she got stronger with the special milk at the health centre provided by UNICEF. About a month ago Tamina got sick again. After being seen at the health post she was given a supply of emergency therapeutic food that will build her strength. Marianna says she feels angry every day. Life has been taken away from her and her family. She fears for

© UNICEF/UN010264/Ayene

(只提供英文版本)

In Eastern and Southern Africa alone, 26.5 million children are in need of aid

NAIROBI/NEW YORK/HONG KONG, July 8, 2016 – The 2015-2016 El Niño has ended but its devastating impact on children is worsening, as hunger, malnutrition and disease continue to increase following the severe droughts and floods spawned by the event, one of the strongest on record, UNICEF said today.

And there is a strong chance La Niña – El Niño’s flip side – could strike at some stage this year, further exacerbating a severe humanitarian crisis that is affecting millions of children in some of the most vulnerable communities, UNICEF said in a report called It’s not over – El Niño’s impact on children.

Children in the worst affected areas are going hungry. In Eastern and Southern Africa – the worst hit regions – some 26.5 million children need support, including more than one million who need treatment for severe acute malnutrition.

In many countries, already strained resources, have reached their limits, and affected families have exhausted their coping mechanisms – such as selling off assets and skipping meals. Unless more aid is forthcoming, including urgent nutritional support for young children, decades of development progress could be eroded.

In many countries, El Niño affected access to safe water, and has been linked to increases in diseases such as dengue fever, diarrhoea and cholera, which are major killers of children. In South America, and particularly Brazil, El Niño has created favourable breeding conditions for the mosquito that can transmit Zika, dengue, yellow fever and chikungunya.  If La Niña does develop, it could contribute to the spread of the Zika virus to areas that have not been affected to date.

UNICEF also said there are serious concerns that Southern Africa, the global epicentre of the AIDS pandemic, could see an increased transmission of HIV as a result of El Niño’s impact. Lack of food affects access to anti-retroviral therapy (ART), as patients tend not to take treatment on an empty stomach, and many people will use their limited resources for food rather than transport to a health facility. Drought can also force adolescent girls and women to engage in transactional sex to survive. And, mortality for children living with HIV is two to six times higher for those who are severely malnourished than for those who are not.

“Millions of children and their communities need support in order to survive. They need help to prepare for the eventuality La Niña will exacerbate the humanitarian crisis. And they need help to step up disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change, which is causing more intense and more frequent extreme weather events,” said UNICEF’s Director of Emergency Programs, Afshan Khan. “The same children who are affected by El Niño and threatened by La Niña, find themselves on the frontlines of climate change.”