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薩赫勒營養危機報告3

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2012年5月10日 概況 營養危機 約110萬5歲以下兒童患有嚴重急性營養不良(SAM),估計在最壞情況人數可能高達150萬,另300萬兒童患上中度急性營養不良。 5歲以下兒童需要接受SAM治療的人數自旱季以來一直上升。薩赫勒其中5個災區共140,252個5歲以下兒童曾接受治療。 處理SAM個案的健康中心數目由2011年的3,100增至現時的4,154所。 馬里形勢危急 估計馬里國內難民人數超過20萬。超過190,000人逃離至毛里塔尼亞(63,913人)、布基納法索(56,817人)、尼日爾(39,388人)和阿爾及利亞(30,000人),其中逾半數是兒童。 聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)全力開展各項救援活動,並在4個災區(基達爾高、基達爾、莫普提和廷巴克圖)為[...]
A woman feeds ready-to-use therapeutic food to her malnourished daughter, at the UNICEF-supported Routgouna Health Centre, in the town of Mirriah, Mirriah Department, Zinder Region.

薩赫勒營養危機報告2

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2012年4月23日 概況 據估計,100萬名5歲以下兒童患有嚴重急性營養不良,最壞情況甚至會高達150萬;另約300萬兒童患有中度急性營養不良。 薩赫勒地區治療嚴重急性營養不良的健康中心的數目,從2011年的3,100所大幅增至超過4,000所。 截至2012年4月18日,已籌得約3.49億港元(4,480萬美元),佔總數9.32億港元(1,195億萬美元)善款需求的38%。 已為乍得、馬里和尼日爾再購置即食營養治療食品;當善款充足時,會再為其他地區購買物資,以應付整年的需求。 馬里的武裝衝突令本已嚴峻的糧食和營養危機雪上加霜,引發境內外大規模逃難,婦女和兒童受影響最深。 聯合國兒童基金會已找出救援計劃的主要缺口,現正研究行動的優先次序和所需支援。馬里危機亦被納入薩[...]
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立即行動!UNICEF 呼籲各界合力為西非薩赫勒地區兒童衝破災難的惡性循環

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2012年4月4日 營養危機席捲整個西非薩赫勒地區,災情已及緊急水平,至少100萬名兒童生命受威脅。聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)執行主任安東尼‧雷克先生今天到訪其中一個受災國家——乍得,親身視察災情,並提出UNICEF在當地的人道救援工作必需從速升級,以遏止危機繼續蔓延,打破災難的惡性循環。 雷克先生今天探訪乍得西部地區時表示:「薩赫勒地區總是處於危機的邊緣。2010年及2005年的旱災早已令兒童及家庭飽受煎熬。如今數以十萬計的人流離失所,糧食漲價,農作物又失收,致使當地人民倍感不安。」 「營養不良的兒童總是難以抵抗小兒麻痹症、麻疹、腦膜炎、霍亂等疾病,」雷克先生續指:「薩赫勒地區的民眾如今猶如處於風暴的邊緣,100萬名兒童生命危在旦夕。」 UNICEF已展開行動[...]
Tsahara Saidou holds her two-year-old son, Moctar, who is suffering from severe acute malnutrition, as they return to their home village of Garin Kouroun, Maradi Region. They have just visited the UNICEF-supported health centre in the village of Sarkin Yamma Saboua, approximately six kilometres from Garin Kouroun, in Madarounfa Department. [#5 IN SEQUENCE OF FIVE]

In March 2012 in Niger, under-five mortality rates remain among the highest in the world, the result of preventable or treatable conditions, including malnutrition. The country is one of eight in the Sahel region  also including Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and the northern parts of Cameroon, Nigeria and Senegal  facing a nutrition crisis that now affects over 10 million people. Unless reached with appropriate treatment and prevention programmes, more than 1 million under-five children are at risk of dying from nutrition-related illnesses. The current crisis is the result of repeated drought-related food shortages, from which people have insufficient time to recover before being again affected. In turn, these shocks are exacerbated by chronic stunting, high rates of poverty and illiteracy and inadequate social infrastructure, including for basic child and maternal care. In Niger, over 331,000 under-five children are at risk of becoming severely malnourished, while cases of moderate acute malnutrition are expected to exceed 689,000. Over 5.4 million people  some 35 per cent of the countrys population  remain food insecure. Stunting prevalence is above 50 per cent; over 62 per cent of the population lives in poverty, and the adult literacy rate is a low 20 per cent  only 12.3 per cent for women. UNICEF requires US$120 million to fund its Sahel emergency response in 2012, of which only 32 per cent has been received to date. The European Union (EU) is one of the largest international donors to UNICEF nutrition programmes in the Sahel and in other regions. In Niger, working with the Government and other partners, UNICEF is currently assisting over 37,000 under-five children suffering from severe acute malnutrition, with plans to reach 394,000. Support includes the provision of ready-to-use therapeutic food (a high-protein, high-energy peanut-based packaged paste for malnourished children that does not require cooking or handling). Plans are also underway to provide blanket feeding support for an additional 530,000 children aged 623 months and for 97,000 pregnant or lactating women during the lean season  from April through October  when food scarcity is greatest. UNICEF is also assisting other health, water, sanitation and hygiene, education and child protection initiatives.

非洲「危機」警號再響 UNICEF發起全球籌款活動 目標籌款港幣9.4億元 拯救西非薩赫勒過100萬名嚴重營養不良兒童

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2012年4月4日 在索馬里脫離饑荒困局之際,非洲又再響起「危機」警號。在西非薩赫勒地區,正有超過100萬名兒童患有嚴重急性營養不良,瀕臨死亡邊緣。聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)在香港、英國、澳洲等地發起全球籌款活動,目標籌款約港幣9.4億元(1.2億美元),即時將當地人道救援工作升級。UNICEF執行主任安東尼‧雷克,亦正於其中一個受災地區——乍得,親身視察災情。 UNICEF在過去7個月一直積極準備應對薩赫勒地區的營養危機,包括運送大批即食營養治療食品至受災國家,盡力紓解5歲以下兒童嚴重急性營養不良的問題。然而,要治療100多萬名患嚴重急性營養不良的5歲以下兒童,UNICEF估計需要約港幣9.4億元(1.2億美元)款項支持,但至今所籌得的善款數目僅達資金需求的3[...]
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Sahel Nutrition Crisis situation report 1

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26 March 2012 Highlights A serious food and nutrition crisis is threatening the Sahel region of Africa, with over 10 million people facing food insecurity and over 1 million children are expected to suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2012, exacerbated by and complicating further needs in health, water and sanitation, protect[...]