聯合國兒童基金會: 全球每天有至少4間學校或醫療設施被襲擊或佔領

 

聯合國兒童基金會: 全球每天有至少4間學校或醫療設施被襲擊或佔領

On 16 September, Shaima, 10, and a classmate hold hands while standing beside rubble from a destroyed part of Shuje’iyah Girls’ School in Shuja’iyeh neighbourhood in eastern Gaza City. Ten days into the recent escalation of violence between Israel and Gaza, her family moved to her grandfather’s ground-floor apartment, which was thought to be a safer place. “Early morning, the shelling got closer,” Shaima says. “Suddenly a bomb fell nearby. Everyone ran out, except for my father and younger sister. I heard people scream that he was dead.” Her father, Adel, was on the sofa in the living room with her 2-year-old sister, Dima, in his arms, trying to rock her to sleep, when a shell struck the neighbour’s house. Both Adel and Dima were killed by shrapnel that came bursting through the walls. “I saw my uncle carrying my sister,” Shaima recalls. “I realized her head was cut off in the shelling. I didn’t look at my father’s body, because I was afraid his wounds were as bad. I ran away.” Now she is visited regularly by a counsellor from the Palestinian Centre for Democracy and Conflict Resolution (PCDCR), a UNICEF partner that specializes in child trauma. The counsellor sees her at home and helps her talk about her experience. “I was not able to say goodbye to my dad,” Shaima tells the counsellor. “I don’t want to be an orphan; I want my dad to be with me. I only have wonderful memories of him. He used to buy me toys, even if I did not ask for them. I wish I could see him and my sister Dima again. I used to play with her. I liked to dress her and comb her hair.”

In September 2014 in the State of Palestine, children continue to recover from 50 days of intense violence that engulfed the territory during July and August. The conflict – which ended with a ceasefire on August 26 – left 506 children dead and more than 3,000 injured, while destroying an estimated 18,000 houses in Gaza.

© UNICEF/UNI172070/El Baba – 10歲的Shaima和同學正坐在加沙東部城市Shuja’iyeh的Shuja’iyeh女子中學門前。

世界人道主義峰會即將舉行,聯合國兒童基金會呼籲保護學校和醫院

紐約/香港,2016年5月19日 — 根據聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)於人道主義峰會前發表的分析,每天平均有4所學校或醫院被襲擊或被武裝勢力和團體佔領。

分析來自聯合國秘書處兒童與武裝衝突問題的最新報告,這份報告發表前,亦發生多宗對教育和醫療設施的襲擊,包括也門學校的轟炸,4月27日發生在敘利亞阿勒頗醫院的襲擊,後者殺害至少50人,當地僅餘的兒科醫療陣地亦被摧毀。

UNICEF緊急方案主任艾芙珊.汗(Afshan Khan)表示:「孩子在應該受到保護和感到安全的地方,受傷或被殺,部分更因此而終身殘疾。」

「在衝突期間,針對學校和醫院的襲擊已成為令人覺得震驚和可恥的趨勢。故意和直接攻擊這些設施以及醫療工作者和教師,可構成戰爭罪行。各國政府及各方和其他參與者需要通過捍衞國際人道主義法律和國際人權法的規定,以及簽署《維護學校安全宣言》(只提供英文版本),立刻保護學校和醫院。」

根據聯合國安全理事會列舉的標準,針對學校和醫院施予襲擊是6項其中一項對兒童的嚴重侵犯。單在2014年,聯合國秘書處兒童與武裝衝突問題的最新報告便記錄了超過1500項對醫院和學校的襲擊或使用其作軍事用途的事件,其中包括:

  • 在阿富汗,163所學校和38個衛生設施受到襲擊。
  • 在敘利亞,60間教育設被襲擊,9所學校被用作軍事用途,共28宗醫療設施被襲擊的報告。
  • 在也門,92所學校被武裝部隊和團體用於軍事用途 。
  • 在南蘇丹,有7項對學校襲擊和60項涉及軍事用途的記錄。
  • 在巴勒斯坦,有543所教育設施遭到破壞,和3項對以色列的學校的襲擊。
  • 據尼日利亞東北部教育主管部門,2012-2014年間共有338所學校被摧毀或毀壞。

在過去的一年,聯合國監測系統記錄了多次對醫療設施的「雙重襲擊」甚至「三重襲擊」,其中有平民及急救員遇襲。

除了對建築物施襲,衝突對兒童的教育和醫療亦有深遠影響。例如在敘利亞,醫院被襲擊,救援車隊的醫療包和手術用品被拿走,醫療運送受限,醫務人員被殺害,日復一日的減少了有關醫療服務進入受災地區的機會,民眾在衝突地區獲得關鍵醫療服務的機會日益減少。

艾芙珊.汗(Afshan Khan)表示:「在尼日利亞和南蘇丹等國家,孩子在恐怖的情況下從學校被綁架,有的則被強姦,或被招募成為童兵。」

首次世界人道主義峰會將於5月23和24日在伊斯坦布爾舉行 。各國領導人將討論如何有效應對重大人道主義危機,以及如何準備迎接未來的挑戰。