UNICEF敦促全球領導人制訂國際移民及難民協議時應承諾保護兒童

 

UNICEF敦促全球領導人制訂國際移民及難民協議時應承諾保護兒童

Seven-year old Louay (sitting on suitcase), six-year old Ayman (right), six-year old Manena (left) and six-year old Wael (second left) play with a suitcase that they found in the garbage at the Skaramagas refugee camp, in the port area of northern Athens, Greece, Thursday 9 March 2017. Skaramangas is the largest camp in Greece, housing over 3,000 people, and is regarded as having the best administration and facilities. On a visit after a heavy rain, open sewage pooled in large puddles between container houses, and children played with homemade toys they had found in the garbage. More than 60,000 refugees are trapped in limbo in Greece after central European countries attempted to stop the influx of refugees reaching Europe by sea during 2015 and 2016.

As of March 2017, one year after the closure of the Western Balkans migration route, irregular movements within Europe continue, but refugee and migrant children, whether alone or with family members, are increasingly facing higher fences, stricter border control and regular push-backs. Most recent concerns have been raised around new legislation in Hungary, prescribing for detention of asylum-seeking children above 14 years of age for migration control purposes.

UNICEF continues supporting child protection services in 11 Child and Family Support Hubs (Blue Dots) in open reception facilities on the mainland and in urban sites in Athens, Thessaloniki and Ioannina. Since the beginning of 2017, 1,341 children (including 507 newly registered in February) benefitted from services on regular basis. 

Vulnerable refugee and migrant families and children continued benefitting from specialised psychological and mental health services in Athens and five open sites in Attica region (Elefsina, Elliniko, Agios Andreas/NeaMakri, Rafina and Elaionas). 

UNICEF’s ongoing partnership with the Office of the Greek Ombudsperson for Children on child rights monitoring continued in February, including organizing visits to Skaramangas

© UNICEF/Gilbertson VII

7歲Louay、6歲Ayman、Manena和Wael在希臘雅典北部港口的難民營玩着一個遭丟棄的行李箱。

全球領導人即將在墨西哥巴亞爾塔港召開國際移民會議,聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)發表如何保護移民兒童的藍圖。

墨西哥/紐約/日內瓦/香港,2017年11月30─全球領袖即將在墨西哥巴亞爾塔港召開國際移民會議,討論有關安全和有序的人口遷移政策。UNICEF今日發表聲明,表示相關的人口遷移政策必須承諾照顧流離失所兒童的權利和福祉。

會議於12月4至6日舉行並推進《全球移民協議》」的草擬工作。協議將全方位涵蓋國際間人口遷移的事情,這意味各國領袖與《紐約難民和移民宣言》和《兒童權利公約》有關的政治和財政承諾正邁向共識。

會議舉行前,UNICEF於11月30日發布《超越邊界:如何令國際移民及難民政策保護流離失所的兒童》(Beyond Borders: How to make the global compacts on migration and refugees work for uprooted children)。報告重點介紹保護難民和流離失所兒童的最佳做法,包括在政府、公民社會伙伴和社區實踐的例子,致力支援流離失所的兒童及其家人。

UNICEF項目總監特德‧柴班說:「在巴亞爾塔港召開會議的全球領袖和決策者可以透過共同努力為兒童提供安全的移民途徑。新報告表明,即使在資源匱乏的國家,也有可能推行政策、服務、投資,以支援難民和移民兒童跨越邊界抵達目的地。」

難民和移民兒童特別容易被排斥、虐待和性剝削,並難以獲得社福服務,因此國際社會必須制定相應政策來確保他們能安全地移民。

報告介紹來自世界各地的成功案例,包括德國實施最低限度的保護難民兒童標準,西非跨境兒童保護制度,以及贊比亞尋找替代拘留移民兒童的方法。報告中亦提及阿富汗、意大利、約旦、黎巴嫩、南蘇丹、越南、烏干達、美國。每個舉措都值得其他國家效仿,促使在國家、地區、與環球層面的兒童保護行動和政策與《全球移民協議》的框架保持一致。

報告亦提及UNICEF保護難民和移民兒童的6點行動綱領:

1. 保護兒童難民和移民,特別是無依無靠的兒童免受剝削和暴力對待;

2. 採取一系列實用的替代辦法,停止對難民或移民兒童的拘留;

3. 給予兒童法律地位,並讓難民或移民兒童與家人待在一起。那是保護兒童的最佳方法;

4. 為所有難民和移民兒童提供學習機會,並讓他們獲得醫療和其他優質服務;

5. 採取行動處理難民和移民大規模遷移的核心原因;

6. 採取措施打擊於過境地和目的國的仇外、歧視和邊緣化行為。