颶風艾瑪來襲 UNICEF透過U-Report保護兒童

 

颶風艾瑪來襲 UNICEF透過U-Report保護兒童

On 1 April 2016, a student uses a mobile phone in a classroom at Oswaldo Lucas Mendes Public High School in Taiobeiras municipality in the Southeastern state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Brazil is the world’s fifth largest country, by population and geographical area, with the eighth wealthiest economy. About 200 million people live in the country’s 5,565 municipalities and include 60 million children and adolescents of whom 51 per cent are boys and 49 per cent are girls. At the end of 2012, nearly half the population had access to the internet with nearly 21 million users ages 15-24 online with mobile phones and other devices with internet access. Brazil currently has 21 million adolescents aged 12-17, its largest adolescent population ever. With the rapid expansion of information and communication technologies, protecting children online is an urgent global priority. Children make up one-third of all Internet users globally. The lack of awareness of online safety, along with children’s natural inquisitiveness or an adolescent’s sexual curiosity and susceptibility to peer influence, predisposes them to online victimisation.  Children’s vulnerability to online sexual abuse and exploitation manifests itself in: cyberbullying and Internet harassment; exposure to sexually explicit content; sexting (sending and receiving sexually explicit photographs or messages via mobile phone); sexual solicitation; and production of child sexual abuse material using children. Globally, the number of webpages that contained child sexual abuse material increased by 147 per cent from 2012 to 2014, with girls being more likely to be depicted in 81 per cent of these materials. Additionally, 91% of child sexual abuse material is non-commercial and being shared among online file-sharing networks.

In Brazil, sixty-two per cent of reported victims of violence against children and adolescents are girls and 60 per cent of reported cases occur at home, although violence against childre

U-Report為世界各地年輕人提供平台發表意見,是聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)以短訊為基礎的突破性創新。

UNICEF隨時候命:當兒童陷入危險,國際社會將立即採取行動,確保他們安全。

巴拿馬星期六晚上、曼谷星期日上午、法國午夜,這與加勒比海地區的颶風有甚麽關係?它代表UNICEF會用盡所有渠道,把「做好防避措施」的緊急信息及時發送給受影響人士。

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U-Report是UNICEF與伙伴合作建立的創新平台。正常情況下,我們利用U-Report讓年青人發表意見,並與合作伙伴分享。當自然災害來襲,我們利用它向受影響人士發送緊急警報,保障他們與家人安全。

巴拿馬當地時間星期六晚上,UNICEF駐拉丁美洲和加勒比海地區辦事處發出強烈颶風即將來襲的警報。UNICEF地區顧問和巴拿馬的U-Report工作人員快速用WhatsApp簡單內部對話,並一致決定用U-Report發送重要信息。我們需要全球創新中心幫助。曼谷辦事處積極推廣用Facebook的U-Report全球平台發送警報給颶風艾瑪途經國家,包括聖基茨、安提瓜、海地、巴巴多斯。我們希望受影響人士能接收簡短緊急訊息,所以需同時發送英語、西班牙語和法語版本。

數小時後,清晨6點,U-Report全球項目負責人開始處理警報信息,並在巴拿馬當地人起床前發布。然後,她再將UNICEF駐拉丁美洲和加勒比海地區辦事處應急小組提供的訊息修改,讓U-Report用家容易明白。同時,智利的U-Report工作人員會核對西班牙文信息,法國的工作人員則把訊息翻譯成法文。

這行動影響全球。24小時內,我們已向2,500人發送有關「如何保障安全」的資訊。48小時後接收人數已達8,500。

巴拿馬當地時間昨晚9點至午夜,每10秒鐘就有一名U-Report用家接收颶風艾瑪訊息。目前,颶風艾瑪達至5級。這是最嚴重的颶風級別,有可能影響生命,嚴重破壞建築物。颶風來襲前,我們透過Facebook讓更多人收取警報訊息。每小時有100多人接收訊息,了解如何保障安全的方法。我們能與U-Report用家保持聯繫,在暴雨、泥石流、海嘯、異常強風來襲時得知他們的需求。最重要是,我們的工作能保障更多兒童和青少年安全。

我們有時會忘記國際社會的力量,但全球性團隊U-Report讓我們能迅速做出應變措施。U-Report平台旨在改變社會,倡導建立全球社區。隨颶風艾瑪橫跨大西洋,風勢不斷增強,我們希望U-Report用家能接收警報訊息,保障自己和家人安全。

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