兒童的記憶

 

兒童的記憶

On 27 September 2017,  Jamilet Segura Gutierrez, 10, on her cot inside an a army tent at the La Perseverança shelter in Jojutla, Morelos, one of the hardest hit by the 19 September earthquake that struck Mexico. Jamilet said "I was in school and I thought the tree was going to fall over me. Many windows broke.  Now I'm afraid it will happen again, and even more strong."

As at 26 September 2017, 10,000 schools have been damaged or destroyed in Mexico following two powerful earthquakes that struck less than two weeks apart, threatening access to education for millions of children. Some seven million children live in areas affected by the earthquakes on September 8 and September 19.  UNICEF is working with its partners in areas affected by the earthquakes to establish temporary schools, promote school safety guidelines, train teachers in psychosocial support, and distribute education supplies and early childhood development kits to teachers and caregivers. Both earthquakes have resulted to 407 casualties, 190,000 buildings and 10,000 schools damaged in 8 states.  The Ministry of Education has announced an 8 step plan for a gradual return to school. All public schools need to be officially certified for safety conditions in the buildings to re- open. The Ministry of Education has announced UNICEF’s support in schools to help students deal with their fear or trauma.  After UNICEF ́s deployment to all affected areas to make a rapid assessment of the situation of children and women, 26 municipalities have been selected for interventions, mainly in education and child protection. Overall, the number of children targeted will be the 20,000 already identified in the South of Mexico, plus 40,000 in Central Mexico. Two UNICEF child friendly spaces were installed in Oaxaca, providing psycho-social support and each accommodating 300 children per week.

© UNICEF/UNI204560/Zehbrauskas

2017年9月,墨西哥兩星期內接連發生兩次強烈地震,目前約有700萬名兒童在受地震影響地區生活。

這些兒童不但承受失去親人的痛苦,目睹家園和學校被毀,還要面對隨之而來的恐懼和創傷。聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)為受影響兒童提供可遊戲、治療和接受支援的地方。家園被破壞後,在莫雷洛斯州霍胡特拉避難所生活的兒童說出他們對地震的記憶。

「我當時在學校,覺得樹快要倒塌砸到我,很多窗戶被震碎。我很擔心強烈地震會再次發生。」 

10歲哈米利特‧塞古拉‧古鐵雷斯說。

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© UNICEF/UNI204559/Zehbrauskas

「上學途中,地面開始搖晃,我很害怕。房子全部倒塌,我很擔心媽媽。我回家時,所有東西都掉在地上,我不知道怎樣整理它們。」

8歲安赫爾‧德‧熱蘇斯‧加西亞說。

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© UNICEF/UNI204561/Zehbrauskas

「我當時自己在家,看到一道牆倒塌。其他人四處逃竄,房子開始移動。我很害怕。」

12歲戴麗雅‧維拉努瓦‧貝尼特斯說。

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© UNICEF/UNI204583/Zehbrauskas

「我當時騎單車與哥哥一起上班,然後感覺石頭開始滾落。我以為是下雨,後來房屋開始倒塌。道路很擁擠,每人都在尋找自己的孩子。」

15歲克裏斯蒂安‧維拉努瓦‧貝尼特斯說。

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© UNICEF/UNI204557/Zehbrauskas

「房屋不斷倒塌,地面搖晃。我們很害怕,大聲哭喊。我想回家看媽媽。」

6歲瑪利亞‧瓜達盧普‧貝尼特斯‧加西亞說。