聯合國負責人道主義事務的副秘書長兼緊急救援協調員馬克·洛科克與UNICEF執行主任安東尼‧雷克發表聯合聲明

 

聯合國負責人道主義事務的副秘書長兼緊急救援協調員馬克·洛科克與UNICEF執行主任安東尼‧雷克發表聯合聲明

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An unprecedented 200,000 child refugees have fled Myanmar and are now in urgent need of help, Unicef has warned, as the Rohingya crisis reaches new proportions.

Minors make up at least 60 per cent of the 330,000 Rohingya who have crossed the border to Bangladesh over the past few weeks. Highly traumatized, they are arriving malnourished and injured after walking for days.

By 5 September 2017, more than 146,000 Rohingya refugees fled across the border from Rakhine State, Myanmar, into Cox's Bazar district, Chittagong Division in Bangladesh since 25 August. As many as 80 per cent of the new arrivals are women and children. More than 70 000 children need urgent humanitarian assistance. More than 100,000 of the newly arrived refugees are currently residing in makeshift settlements and official refugee camps that are extremely overcrowded while 10,000 newly arrived refugees are in host communities. In addition, 33,000 arrivals are in new spontaneous sites, which are quickly expanding.  While some refugees are making their own shelters, the majority of people are staying in the open, suffering from exhaustion, sickness and hunger. Cox’s Bazar district of Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable districts, not only for its poor performance in child related indicators but also for its vulnerability to natural hazards.  Most people walked 50 or 60 kilometers for up to six days and are in dire need of food, water and protection. Many children are suffering from cold fever as they are drenched in rain and lack additional clothes. Children and adolescents, especially girls, are vulnerable to trafficking as different child trafficking groups are active in the region. Many more children in need of support and protection remain in the areas of northern Rakhine State that have been wracked by violence.

In Bangladesh, UNICEF is scaling up its response to provide refugee children with protection, nutrition, health, water and sanitation support. With the recent

© UNICEF/Brown

羅興亞兒童和家人逃往孟加拉科克斯巴扎爾。自8月25日,有超過50萬名難民抵達科克斯巴扎爾。

孟加拉達卡/香港,2017104─我們訪問孟加拉後,不單深深地被逃離緬甸的難民的痛苦經歷所觸動,而盡力為孟加拉政府提供支援的決心亦更為堅穩。

這個發生於孟加拉南部的人間悲劇,無論規模、複雜程度以及事態發展的速度都令人震驚。過去幾星期內,超過50萬名羅興亞人跨越邊界,是全球演變最快的難民情況。

羅興亞人面對恐懼、疲憊和飢餓。他們急需住所、食物、清潔食水、衞生設施及醫療保健。另外,他們曾目睹或遭受種種痛苦─兒童被殺、婦女被虐待、村莊遭燒毀。

孟加拉政府和民眾展現出無比的慷慨精神,他們開放邊境,盡力支援和救濟難民,種種行動實在鼓舞人心。

我們在難民營和定居點對支援難民方面所取得的進展留下深刻印象。我們看到孟加拉政府和軍隊、聯合國機構及我們跟各國和國際非政府組織伙伴所作出的努力。但是,支援仍然無法滿足迅速增長的需求。

難民在用竹子和塑膠棚子臨時塔建的難民營居住,由於情況擠擁, 所以容易爆發疾病,而提供支援方面亦面臨很多挑戰,道路不通令我們難以接觸分散和不斷變化的難民人口,他們均缺乏住所和基礎設施。除了這些障礙,我們缺乏所需資金來繼續加強和維持我們的支援。

我們迫切需要資金,讓所有難民都能獲得食物、住所、水、衞生設施、保健醫療服務。臨時定居點的環境非常惡劣,如果我們不加強支援,那已經受如此巨大痛苦的難民,逃離家園後還可能要面臨另一場災難。

今天公布聯合國應對計劃的最新情況,迫切尋求港幣33.852億元來增加救援行動,以支援尋求庇護的難民和收容他們的社區。同時,中央應急基金再撥出港幣9,360萬元,幫助新抵達的難民建立定居點。

我們在與政府官員的會議上表示歡迎與他們保持日益密切的合作。

不幸的是,這個令人震驚的情況還沒結束。難民仍然不斷從緬甸進入孟加拉,需要立即支援。我們再次呼籲緬甸當局允許在整個若開邦全面恢復人道行動,並繼續主張創造讓人們能安全和自願地回家的環境。