(只有英文)孟加拉羅興亞難民兒童的營養不良比例至少是早期預計的兩倍

 

(只有英文)孟加拉羅興亞難民兒童的營養不良比例至少是早期預計的兩倍

A girl has her height recorded at a UNICEF outpatient therapeutic feeding centre at the Balukhali makeshift refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, Sunday 15 October 2017.

As at 20 October 2017, well over half a million Rohingya people have crossed into Bangladesh’s southern district of Cox’s Bazaar since late August after escaping horrific violence in neighbouring Myanmar. They have joined some 200,000 others who came in earlier refugee influxes. Almost 60 per cent of the latest arrivals are children, crossing at a rate of between 1,200 and 1,800 per day.  High levels of severe acute malnutrition among young children have been found in the camps, and antenatal services to mothers and babies are lacking. Support for children traumatised by violence also needs to be expanded. Expanding the provision of safe water, sanitation and improved hygiene for Rohingya children is the top priority, amid concerns over a possible outbreak of diarrhea and other waterborne diseases. Most Rohingya children are not fully immunized against diseases such as measles. UNICEF is also focused on providing Rohingya children with learning and support services in child-friendly spaces, and working with our partners to address gender-based violence. UNICEF is calling for an end to the atrocities targeting civilians in Myanmar’s Rakhine State, and for humanitarian actors to be given immediate and unfettered access to all children affected by the violence there.  At present, UNICEF has no access to Rohingya children in Northern Rakhine State. At the end of September 2017, UNICEF announced that it is planning to establish more than 1,300 new learning centres for Rohingya children who have fled Myanmar to neighbouring Bangladesh. UNICEF is running 182 learning centres in Rohingya camps and makeshift settlements in Cox’s Bazar, and has enrolled 15,000 children. It plans to increase the number of learning centres to 1,500, to reach 200,000 children over the next year. The learning cent

© UNICEF/LeMoyne

A girl has her height recorded at a UNICEF outpatient therapeutic feeding centre at the Balukhali makeshift refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.

(只提供英文版本)

GENEVA/COX’S BAZAR/NEW YORK/HONG KONG, 3 November 2017 –Preliminary data from a nutrition assessment conducted last week at Kutupalong refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, shows a 7.5 per cent prevalence of life-threatening severe acute malnutrition – a rate double that seen among Rohingya child refugees in May 2017, UNICEF said today.

“The Rohingya children in the camp – who have survived horrors in Myanmar’s northern Rakhine State and a dangerous journey here – are already caught up in a catastrophe,” said UNICEF Bangladesh Representative Edouard Beigbeder. “Those with severe malnutrition are now at risk of dying from an entirely preventable and treatable cause.”

Malnutrition rates among children in northern Rakhine were already above emergency thresholds.  The condition of these children has further deteriorated due to the long journey across the border and the conditions in the camps. Around 26,000 people now live in the Kutupalong camp faced with an acute shortage of food and water, unsanitary conditions and high rates of diarrhoea and respiratory infections. Cases of measles have been reported.

The Kutupalong nutrition assessment, conducted between October 22 and 28, surveyed 405 households including families who arrived there both before and after violence escalated in northern Rakhine on August 25.

Two additional assessments are planned in other sites in November, including one at a makeshift settlement. The findings from the three assessments will update the projected number of children expected to suffer severe acute malnutrition over the next few months, and guide the emergency response.

UNICEF and partners are treating over 2,000 acutely malnourished children at 15 treatment centres, with six additional centres currently being set up. UNICEF is also working with health partners to identify and treat diarrhoea and pneumonia, and will be conducting mass vaccination and nutrition screening campaigns this month.

“The humanitarian community needs to be able to do far more to treat and protect these extremely vulnerable children,” Beigbeder said. “For that we need far more attention to the crisis, and far more resources for the response. These children need help right now.”