聯合國兒童基金會:今年逾1,600萬嬰兒降生於戰亂衝突地區

 

聯合國兒童基金會:今年逾1,600萬嬰兒降生於戰亂衝突地區

On 5 October 2015 in Serbia, (centre) a woman holds a small child as she queues at the reception centre for refugees and migrants in the town of Presevo, close to the border with the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Approximately 5,000 people crowded into Presevo, overwhelming the capacity of the reception centre.

In September 2015, growing numbers of refugees and migrants seeking safety in Europe continue to enter or pass through Serbia. Many of them are fleeing violence, conflict and insecurity in their countries of origin. By 25 September, 141,259 people had expressed their intent to seek asylum in the country. They are among the 487,497 refugees and migrants who have arrived in Europe by sea in 2015. About one in every four asylum seekers in Europe so far this year has been a child. More than 130,000 children sought asylum between January and July – an average of over 18,000 children every month. A significant number of children are travelling unaccompanied or have become separated from their families on the move. As if their current plight were not distressing enough, the vast majority of children seeking refuge in Europe are escaping horrors we can only imagine – half of those arriving in Europe across the Mediterranean Sea so far this year are Syrians. UNICEF estimates that as many as 320,000 refugee and migrant women and children in Europe could be in need of assistance over the next six months. Beyond UNICEF’s deep involvement in responding to the crises in the Syrian Arab Republic and neighbouring countries, UNICEF is active in supporting migrant and refugee children in European countries where it has existing programmes. In response to the crisis, UNICEF, working with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and other UN organizations and partners, is supporting government efforts to provide food, shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, protection and other vital humanitarian assistance for refu

© UNICEF/UNI197800/Gilbertson VII Photo

 

在達成歷史性的全球協議後,世界各國在2016年必須履行承諾,以惠及最弱勢的兒童。

紐約/香港,2015年12月17日 – 聯合國兒童基金會今天指出,2015 年有超過 1,600 萬名嬰兒出生在衝突地區,佔全球新生兒總數的八分之一。這一數字凸顯愈來愈多的兒童面臨戰亂衝突的威脅。

聯合國兒童基金會執行主任安東尼·雷克(Anthony Lake)表示:「每兩秒鐘就會有一名初生嬰兒在衝突地區出生,他們往往處於可怕的生存環境中,且無法得到醫療護理。目前有太多兒童在極度惡劣的條件下生活,他們受到戰亂衝突、自然災害、貧困、疾病和營養不良等各種不利因素的影響。還有比這更差的人生起點嗎?」

在阿富汗、中非共和國、伊拉克、南蘇丹、敘利亞和也門等飽受戰亂衝突影響的國家,或在逃離戰亂的坎坷旅途中,新生兒及其母親都面臨着巨大的風險。孕婦面臨在分娩時缺乏醫療幫助和衞生條件的危險;她們的孩子則更有可能在5歲前夭折,也更有可能遭受巨大或「有害」的壓力,而這會阻礙兒童長期的情感和認知發展。

除了衝突和貧困,氣候變化的影響和機會的缺乏也讓兒童日益成為弱勢群體,迫使數千萬兒童踏上離鄉別井的危險旅程。

 

  • 在2015年頭九個月中,超過20萬兒童向歐盟國家申請避難;除此之外,在2014 年,全球已有3,000萬名兒童因戰爭、暴力和迫害而被迫離開家園。目前,全球流離失所的人口已達到自二戰以來的高峰。
  • 超過2.5億名兒童(即每9名兒童中就有1名兒童)生活在飽受戰亂之苦的國家中,他們在健康、教育和福利等方面遭遇重重困境。
  • 超過5億名兒童生活在氾濫成災的地區,還有近 1.6億名兒童生活在乾旱極為嚴重的地區。
  • 雖然兒童在全球人口中僅佔約三分之一,但在極端貧困人口中,兒童卻幾乎佔近半數。

雷克表示:「在2015年的最後幾個月中,世界各國齊聚一堂以應對氣候變化,並制定新的全球發展議程。如果我們能夠將承諾化為行動,這些目標宏大的協議將是一個重大的機遇。如果我們能夠通過消弭衝突、應對氣候變化、擴展機會等途徑,解決迫使眾多家庭流離失所的根源問題,對數千萬人來說,2016年將成為充滿希望的一年,而非令人絕望的一年。」