尼日利亞東北部博爾諾州受博科聖地衝突影響 超過一半學校被迫關閉

 

尼日利亞東北部博爾諾州受博科聖地衝突影響 超過一半學校被迫關閉

On 8 November 2016, 13 year old Modu Umar attends a UNICEF-supported school in an IDP camp in Monguno, Borno State, Nigeria.  Modu fled to the state capital, Maiduguri, during fighting between the government and Boko Haram but has now returned to his family home in Monguno. There are almost 960,000 returnees in need of humanitarian assistance in north-east Nigeria.  UNICEF, in partnership with the Nigerian government, continues to support IDPs, host populations and returnees through its multi-sector response in education, nutrition, health, child protection and WASH.

In November 2016, north east Nigeria remains in the grips of a humanitarian emergency.  An ongoing conflict between Boko Haram and the Nigerian military has resulted in 7 million individuals in desperate need of assistance across Borno, Gombe, Yobe and Adamawa states. Approximately 55% are children.  In collaboration with the government and humanitarian partners, UNCEF is providing life saving services across both north-east Nigeria and the wider Lake Chad Basin (Cameroon, Niger and Chad).  In Nigeria alone, primary health care services have reached over 3 million people with hundreds of thousands of children receiving psychosocial support, therapeutic feeding, access to safe water and education.

© UNICEF/Vittozzi

13歲Modu Umar來自尼日利亞博爾諾州蒙古諾,在國內難民營一所由聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)資助的學校上學。

300萬名兒童在新學年開始之際急需教育支援。

邁杜古里達喀爾/紐約/香港,2017929─尼日利亞東北部極端組織博科聖地的叛亂活動導致地區超過一半學校被迫關閉。

2009年起,東北部地區有超過2,295名老師被殺害,1.9萬人流離失所。約1,400所學校被毀壞,大部分學校因大面積破壞或不安全被迫關閉。

約300萬名兒童急需教育支援。

UNICEF副執行主任賈斯汀‧福塞斯(Justin Forsyth)到訪東北危機中心邁杜古里3天,結束時說:「尼日利亞東北部兒童的生活環境十分恐怖。」

「除了營養不良、暴力、霍亂爆發,學校被攻擊也可能造成一代人消失,威脅兒童和國家的未來。」

博爾諾州難民營生活的兒童首次受益於教育。邁杜古里郊區的Muna Garage營地約有9成兒童首次入讀學校。

今年UNICEF和伙伴於尼日利亞東北部3個受影響最嚴重的國家收取近75萬名學生,建立超過350個臨時學習空間,分發近9.4萬套學習材料,讓兒童接受教育。

UNICEF與伙伴亦修復校舍和課室,培訓老師,為未來建立強而有力的教育制度。

福塞斯在邁杜古里認識受衝突影響的家人和孩子,了解他們在博科聖地生活的恐懼及惡劣生活條件。

目前,近100萬名兒童因危機流離失所,今年有45萬名5歲以下兒童患嚴重營養不良。2017年至今,近100名兒童成為人肉炸彈,造成東北社區極不信任氣氛。霍亂爆發影響超過3,900人,超過2,450名是兒童。

UNICEF為尼日利亞東北部救援的資金仍然不足。今年只剩3個月,UNICEF於2017年的所需資金還有40%差距。