全球有近38.6萬名嬰兒元旦出生

 

全球有近38.6萬名嬰兒元旦出生

2018's first baby - a girl named Vilisi Ciri Sovocala - was born at 1.44 am on New Year's Day in Suva, the island capital of Fiji.  Vilisi Ciri Sovocala weighs 3.3 kg.  Her mother, Joana Sovocala, gave birth at Suva's Colonial War Memorial Hospital.
 
Immediately after birth, Joana breastfed her daughter to protect her from diseases.  Breastmilk contains antibodies that can boost a baby's immune system, thereby protecting it from disease and death. Yet around the world, 77 million newborns - more than half - are not put to the breast within an hour of birth. Delaying breastfeeding by 2-23 hours after birth increases the risk of death in the first 28 days by over 40 per cent.  

UNICEF's estimates show that 47 babies will be born in Fiji on New Year's Day. A baby born in 2018 in Fiji is expected to live till 2088, whereas a child born in Australia is most likely to live to 2101. The Fijian baby will join nearly 386,000 children to be born worldwide on New Year's Day, including over 11,000 in the United States.
 
While many of these babies will survive, some will not make it past their first day. In 2016, an estimated 2,600 children died within the first 24 hours every day of the year. Of every thousand babies born in Fiji, 9 children died in the first month.
 
Across the world, 2.6 million children died before the end of their first month in 2016. Among those, more than 80 per cent of all newborn deaths are due to preventable and treatable causes such as premature birth, complications during delivery, and infections like sepsis and pneumonia. 
 
In February, UNICEF will launch a new global campaign demanding affordable, quality health care for every mother and newborn.

© UNICEF/ Chute

來自斐濟首府蘇瓦的女嬰是2018年首名出生的嬰兒。(元旦淩晨1:44)

紐約/香港,2018年1月1日─今日將有約38.6萬名嬰兒出生,超過9成將在非發達地區出生。

首名於元旦出生的嬰兒來自太平洋島國斐濟,而最後一名則相信來自美國。預計全球有一半嬰兒在9個國家出生:

  • 印度─69,070
  • 中國─44,760
  • 尼日利亞─20,210
  • 巴基斯坦─14,910
  • 印度尼西亞─13,370
  • 美國─11,280
  • 剛果民主共和國─9,400
  • 埃塞俄比亞─9,020
  • 孟加拉─8,370

有很多新生兒都能存活下來,但有些卻活不過第一天。2016年,估計每日有2,600名嬰兒在出生後24小時內死亡;有200萬名新生兒活不過一星期;總共有260萬名嬰兒在出生後一個月內夭折。這些不幸死亡中有超過8成是由可預防和治療的原因導致,例如早產、分娩引發的並發症、敗血症和肺炎等感染。

聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)衞生總監彼得森(Stefan Peterson)說:「新一年,我們承諾幫助每名嬰兒生存超過一小時、一天、一個月,甚至更長。我們呼籲各國政府和合作伙伴提出經考證的低成本解決辦法,共同努力挽救數百萬名兒童的生命。」

過去20年,全球兒童存活率取得前所未有的進展,令5歲前夭折的兒童人數減半。2016年,5歲前死亡的兒童有560萬名。但是,新生兒存活率的進展卻較緩慢,5歲前死亡的兒童中有46%都是在出生後一個月內死亡。

UNICEF將於下個月展開「讓每名兒童存活」全球運動,旨在為每一位母親和新生兒提供可廉價的優質醫療保健服務,包括在醫療中心穩定供應清潔用水和電力,由熟練的保健人員協助分娩、消毒臍帶、出生後一個小時內的母乳餵哺及母親與孩子之間的肌膚接觸。

彼得森補充說:「我們現進入新時代, 全球所有新生兒都應有機會看到22世紀。但不幸是今年將近一半出生的嬰兒可能看不到。2018年1月在瑞典出生的嬰兒最有機會活到2100年,但來自索馬里的嬰兒最有可能活不過2075年。」