南蘇丹新建學校 改變兒童未來

 

南蘇丹新建學校 改變兒童未來

David Sawat Manyang, 16, sits in a classroom of a new school building in Pachong, near Rumbek, South Sudan, Tuesday 8 August 2017. For two years, David was not able to attend classes after clashes between rival youth groups in the region resulted in his school being shut in 2014. It reopened last year after a peace agreement was signed between the groups, though like many schools in South Sudan it was in an extremely dilapidated condition. Before the new school was established, David worked at a cattle farm with his father.

As of August 2017, the nutrition situation in South Sudan remains critical as the country approaches the end of the lean season. UNICEF and partners are working to treat rising levels of severe malnutrition among children brought on by years of conflict and instability. More than one million children in the country are estimated to be malnourished with over 276,000 suffering from severe acute malnutrition, a life-threatening condition.

Malaria is endemic in South Sudan, where some 50 children under five die from the illness every week. Across the country, UNICEF and partners are working to prevent and treat malaria. Through funding from the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO), the UN Foundation and Nothing But Nets, UNICEF, together with its partner the International Medical Corps, have been working on malaria prevention through Child Health Days, which run for several days each time and provide treatment for malaria, as well as nutrition and health services. With Child Health Days, all pregnant women and children under five years of age are given mosquito nets to protect them while they sleep. Those testing positive for malaria are provided with treatment at no charge. 

Close to two million children are out of school in South Sudan due to the ongoing violence across the country. More than 30 percent of schools have closed as a result of the conflict. Through partners, UNICEF is working to improve access to educa

© UNICEF South Sudan/2017

16歲大衛‧沙瓦‧曼揚身處新課室,之前學校因暴力衝突被迫關閉,大衛已兩年沒有上學。

南蘇丹約有200萬名小學適齡兒童因持續衝突而失學。衝突導致每4間學校就有1間被迫關閉。

目前,聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)與伙伴致力改善當地教育環境。倫拜克新建學校如何改變兒童未來?

尼娜‧德沃瑞斯(Nina deVries)報導

南蘇丹/倫拜克/香港,2017年10月3—大衛‧沙瓦‧曼揚(David Sawat Manyang)坐在新課室的書桌前認真看書,眉頭緊鎖。他在上數學堂,數學是他最喜歡的科目,他想好好學習。

「新建學校前,我和爸爸在牛棚工作。雖然我不太介意,但還是想回學校上課。」大衛說道。

2014年,敵對青年幫派爆發衝突,導致該區學校關閉,16歲大衛已兩年不能上學。上年雙方達成和平協定後,學校才重新開課,但像南蘇丹不少學校一樣,教育環境十分惡劣。

UNICEF駐倫拜克辦事處教育官員佛羅倫薩‧歐卡約(Florence Okayo)表示,課室破爛不堪,大部分學生只能在課室外樹蔭下上課。

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© UNICEF South Sudan/2017

David works on a math problem in his notebook. He is now happily back in school after UNICEF and partners constructed a new school in his town.

創造更好的學習環境

UNICEF與伙伴最近為當地兒童新建學校,提供更完善的教學環境。學校包括圍牆、兩排課室(每排4間)、一座行政樓、一間教員室、一間校長室、一間廚房、配有手泵和水井的兒童獨立用水和環境衞生設施。

UNICEF運用全球教育合作伙伴關係和美國國際開發署贊助的資金興建學校。除了提供課本、教學用具、娛樂用品套裝和文具外,UNICEF還幫助培訓老師。

透過與非洲教育信托基金合作,目前已實施為期6個月的培訓計劃,確保老師可以有效制定教學計劃,並妥善管理教學活動和學生。

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© UNICEF South Sudan/2017

新學校興建前,學生經常在樹蔭下進行課外活動。新設施包括圍牆、兩排課室(每排4間)、一座行政樓、一間教員室、一間校長室、一間廚房、配有手泵和水井的兒童獨立用水和環境衞生設施。

增加女童受教育機會

歐卡約表示,學校學生已從2014年的823人上升至今年的1,307人,但仍有很多工作要做。男童上學人數仍遠多於女童。南蘇丹接受教育的兒童中只有4成是女童,UNICEF一直致力解決這問題。

「我們面臨很多挑戰,如衝突和童婚,都由缺乏教育造成,很多青少年虛度光陰。」歐卡約說:「我們要為所有兒童提供教育,並教導社區有關教育對兒童的重要。」

她還表示,配有適合設施如獨立男女廁所的學校可鼓勵更多兒童上學。

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© UNICEF South Sudan/2017

17歲麗貝卡‧亞爾‧崔麗娜站在新學校前。「我想學英文,然後與全世界交流。」

倫拜克兒童的未來

上年一項教育普查顯示,36%南蘇丹小學生沒有公共廁所可用,85%學校沒有圍牆。

不過,倫拜克學校擁有完善的課室和廁所,為兒童帶來新開始。

「以前我們要走很遠,可能會被蛇咬,天氣惡劣時我們就無處可去。風雨隨時來襲,毀掉一切。」大衛說。「現在不同,附近就有廁所,對我們來說更加安全。」

17歲麗貝卡‧亞爾‧崔來表示學校復課改變她的未來。

「我想學英文,然後與全世界交流。」她說。

透過「重返校園」倡議活動,UNICEF與伙伴合作為超過25萬名兒童(38%是女童)提供接受教育的機會,為超過8,000名老師及家長老師協會和學校管理委員會成員提供培訓。