中東和北非每5名兒童有1名需要人道救援

 

中東和北非每5名兒童有1名需要人道救援

A boy suffering from measles receives treatment at Al-Jumhouri Hospital, Sa’ada, Yemen Sa’ada, Yemen, Thursday 21 July 2016.

As of November 2016, almost two years of conflict in Yemen have left 18.8 million people - some 70 per cent of the population - in need of humanitarian assistance. After the United Nations-backed peace talks were suspended in August 2016, airstrikes and hostilities intensified and civilians are paying the price. Close to 4,000 civilians have died as a direct result of the conflict, including 1,332 children. At least 14.5 million people lack access to safe water and sanitation and 14.8 million have limited or no access to health services, compounding a cholera crisis that has put 7.6 million people at risk. The nutrition situation has deteriorated, with 3.3 million children and pregnant or lactating women suffering from acute malnutrition and more than 460,000 children under 5 suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). The near collapse of national services has left an estimated 2 million children out of school. Almost 2.2 million internally displaced persons, nearly half of them children, as well as 1 million returnees and many host communities are also in need of assistance. Ongoing conflict and the deteriorating economic situation have put essential public services such as health on the verge of collapse, leaving children and women at even higher risk.

© UNICEF/UN050316/Farid

2016年7月21日(星期四),懷疑患麻疹的男童在也門醫院接受治療。

安曼/香港,2017911─最新數據顯示,中東和北非每5名兒童有1名急需人道救援,超過9成在受衝突影響國家生活。

UNICEF區域總監Geert Cappelaere表示,持續衝突奪走數以百萬計兒童的童年,中東和北非近幾十年發展面臨逆轉的風險。

持續多年的暴力、流離失所、缺乏基本服務,令兒童受沉重打擊。民事基礎設施經常被破壞,包括醫院、能源、食水、環境衞生設施、醫療設施,令兒童面臨患病,甚至死亡的風險。

數以百萬計家庭被逼冒生命危險逃離家園,很多家庭多次流離失所。持續暴力和流離失所令家庭和兒童難以生存。

很多人別無選擇,只能讓孩子開始工作或提早讓女兒出嫁。陷入戰爭危機的兒童數量增加超過一倍。

最新分析顯示:

• 敘利亞境內和其他國家難民區約有1,200萬名敘利亞兒童需要人道救援,2012年人數為50萬。
• 也門戰爭破壞水和衞生系統,1,500萬人缺乏安全食水和基本醫療保健服務,引發全球最嚴重的霍亂和急性水樣腹瀉疫情,至今有超過61萬宗疑似病例。
• 伊拉克、摩蘇爾、拉法戰爭激烈,超過500萬名兒童需要援助,包括食水、食物、住所、教育。
• 加沙地帶持續的電力危機令食水減少3成。短短3個月,幼童腹瀉病例增加一倍。

UNICEF強調,中東和北非兒童承受前所未有的暴力,目睹恐怖戰爭。持續戰爭對全球造成可怕影響。UNICEF呼籲全球領導人採取行動,為中東和北非兒童的未來着想,結束暴力。