海地大地震兩周年 聯合國兒童基金會兒童工作取得進展

 

海地大地震兩周年 聯合國兒童基金會兒童工作取得進展

新聞稿 12:00
Children complete a year-end final examination at Mamalu Kindergarten et École Fondamentale Mixte (Mamalu Kindergarten and Primary School) in Port-au-Prince, the capital. The school, which collapsed during the earthquake, was rebuilt by UNICEF in a semi-permanent facility, allowing children to return to school as quickly as possible and to regain a sense of normalcy after the disaster. Several desks bear the UNICEF logo.

In December 2011, Haiti and its approximately 4.3 million children continue to recover from the 12 January 2010 earthquake that killed some 220,000 people, displaced more than 1.6 million and further disrupted the countrys already inadequate infrastructure. Progress has been substantial: a new national government is in place; about half of the mounds of rubble have been cleared; almost two thirds of those displaced by the quake have moved out of crowded camps; and the countrys health, education and other core services are rebuilding on a stronger foundation. Still, the country remains a fragile and impoverished state, requiring international support. Working with multiple international and national partners, UNICEF continues to address the emergency needs of children, while focusing on building the Governments capacity to uphold and sustain childrens rights. In nutrition, an unprecedented expansion of preventive and treatment services for childhood under-nutrition has begun to address the pre-quake silent crisis of chronic malnutrition. In health, routine child immunizations increased to almost 80 per cent in the past year; medicines and training for midwives have increased; HIV prevention and treatment services, including to prevent mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of the virus, are expanding; and a national emergency cholera treatment response was implemented (in response to the late 2010 cholera outbreak). Emergency WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) services, including for cholera, have shifted from large-scale water delivery to camps, to urban and rural community-centred efforts to improve WASH access, practises and knowledge. Haitis first metropolitan waste disposal and treatment site opened in September; 2.2 million people received cholera-prevention supplies; and cholera prevention is being integrated into school curricula. In education, although an estimated half of eligible children are still not in school, UNICEF supports a new government initiative to introduce free education; over 1,200 schools have been repaired or constructed since the quake; more children than ever before have received basic school supplies; and policies for early childhood pre-schools are completed. Nevertheless, needs remain enormous across all these vital sectors for children. To date, UNICEF has received US$351.3 million to funds its response since the earthquake and requires an additional US$54 million to support activities through 2012.
太子港/香港,2012年1月11日——明天是海地大地震兩周年,聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)發表了《海地地震兩周年報告》,指出當地的兒童狀況正逐步改善,而教育、健康、營養和兒童保護4大範疇進展尤其顯著,但強調受災兒童目前仍然面對重大挑戰。UNICEF現正呼籲港幣1.87億元(即2,400萬美元)支持2012年度的海地人道主義救援工作。

報告顯示,藉著本港及世界各地的慷慨捐款,UNICEF至今已成功協助逾75萬名兒童重返校園,當中近8萬名兒童更在UNICEF建設的193家臨時抗震校舍上課,在安全的環境下學習。UNICEF更設立520所「兒童友好家園」,為超過12萬名受災兒童提供康樂活動及場地。此外,在UNICEF的支持下,314個營養治療項目得以順利推行,逾15,000名營養不良兒童接受治療,並且有95個偏遠社區成功開展改善環境衞生的項目。


在兒童保護方面,UNICEF則協助海地政府加強了寄養兒童的法律保障框架,在提高兒童安全的工作上邁進了一大步。在發生地震前,當地政府對於入住寄宿院舍的兒童數目,或兒童院舍的分佈均一無所知,在UNICEF的協助下,首份兒童院舍名冊終於誕生。現時海地全國一共有650所兒童院舍,估計目前入住院舍的兒童數目約有5萬名,當中超過半數院舍已記錄在冊,13,400名兒童已經登記。此外,海地政府亦簽署了《海牙跨國領養公約》,承諾透過訂立領養準則,保障兒童、及其親生父母和領養父母的權利。

「雖然到處都傳來兒童狀況改善的好消息,但海地的基礎管治依然存在嚴重的漏洞。」UNICEF駐海地辦事處Françoise Gruloos-Ackermans女士表示:「大家要知道,面對長期貧困、發展未完善,海地依然非常脆弱。在缺乏健全的社會保障制度下,兒童根本無法抵禦災難帶來的衝擊。」

報告揭示,當地逾431萬名18歲以下兒童的生存、發展和受保護權備受剝削。踏入2012年,雖然海地出現了期待已久的新政府、新國家財政預算案,但地震在社會基建、制度及社會系統殘留的痕跡,以至海地本身脆弱的社會體系,仍然阻礙着兒童的發展。正如至今仍然住在災區800多家收容中心的逾50萬人中,近77%人早在地震前已經入住,可見大批人民不論震前震後,其實都是無家可歸的。此外,震後爆發的霍亂,亦令本已供不應求的公共設施及服務雪上加霜。

「海地需要大量及持續的援助來克服仍正面對的困難。」Gruloos-Ackermans女士續指:「海地大地震帶來的死傷人數、破壞力可說是近年最嚴重的,但各方在震後動用的資源,亦是前所未見的……兩者加起來,為海地造就了一次『不可多得』的機會,一洗過往的管治頹風,逆轉國內的劣勢。」

在過去兩年,聯合國兒童基金會實踐了承諾,調撥了來自全球各地合共逾港幣27億元(即3.51億美元)的善款,用於海地的救援及重建工作上,協助最有需要的一群,然而,善款數字至今仍未達標。「在震後兩周年這個重要時刻,我們很高興見到海地不僅在穩步復原,並在兒童福利事項上,取得了真實及歷史性的改變。」聯合國兒童基金香港委員會總幹事陳文端女士表示:「但我們要記得,很多兒童仍備受忽略,需要我們的支持去生存、發展,並保護他們。」

UNICEF現正在世界各地呼籲港幣1.87億元(即2,400萬美元),支持2012年度進行的健康、營養、食水、環境衞生、教育和兒童保護5大重點工作,為脆弱兒童提供緊急人道救援;以及額外的港幣2.34億元(約3,000萬美元)善款,用於協助當地的長遠發展。海地地震救援及重建工作善款籌募熱綫:2833 6139。

讓海地兒童安全,健康成長,繼續學習,是大家的共同目標。請繼續支持UNICEF與一眾合作伙伴的工作,營造一股改革動力,排除萬難,為兒童建設生機無限的未來。

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