(只有英文)聯合國兒童基金會:烏克蘭衝突持續兩年 逾50萬兒童受影響

 

(只有英文)聯合國兒童基金會:烏克蘭衝突持續兩年 逾50萬兒童受影響

On 29 January 2016, a girl gets her oral polio vaccine in the children’s municipal policlinics in the city of Chernomorsk, Odesa region. In total, 4.7 million Ukrainian children should be immunized against polio during the nationwide campaign this month.

A chance to wipe out polio: Ukraine started the third round of polio vaccination campaign.
On 1 September 2015, a polio outbreak was confirmed in Ukraine. Two cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus were confirmed in children living in Zakarpattya region in south-western Ukraine, which borders with Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania. Both children, one aged 10 months and the other aged 4 years, were not vaccinated against polio and became paralysed after contracting a poliovirus. 

This is the first polio outbreak to hit Ukraine in 19 years. It puts children’s lives at risk and undermines Europe’s polio-free status. The outbreak occurred because of the chronically low immunization coverage in the country. Routine immunization coverage rates in Ukraine have fallen dramatically in the past five years to as low as 50 per cent. As documented by a multi-agency immunization programme review, low coverage was initially triggered by public distrust and later aggravated by insufficient vaccine supply. Low immunisation coverage has been amplified by the ongoing conflict and large-scale population displacement in eastern Ukraine.

UNICEF together with partners supported the Ministry of Health of Ukraine to conduct nationwide immunization of children for at least three rounds to stop circulation of the poliovirus. The first two rounds targeted 2.8 million children aged 2 months to 6 years. On 25 January 2016, the third round started targeting children aged 2 months to 10 years. A total of 4.7 million children should be immunized during the nationwide campaign in Ukraine. 

To support the polio outbreak response, UNICEF has been implementing communication and social mobilization campaign to get children vacc

© UNICEF/UN09083/Bershadskiy – A girl gets her oral polio vaccine in the children’s municipal policlinics. In total, 4.7 million Ukrainian children should be immunized against polio during the nationwide campaign this month.

 

(只提供英文版本)

 

More than 200,000 children need psychosocial support

GENEVA/ NEW YORK/KYIV/ HONG KONG, 19 February 2016 – The conflict in Ukraine has deeply affected the lives of 580,000 children living in non-government controlled areas and close to the front  line in eastern Ukraine, UNICEF said today. Of these, 200,000 – or one in three – need psychosocial support.

“Two years of violence, shelling and fear have left an indelible mark on thousands of children in eastern Ukraine,” said Giovanna Barberis, UNICEF Representative in Ukraine. “As the conflict continues, we need to reach these children urgently to meet their physical as well as psychological needs.”

More than 215,000 children are internally displaced from the conflict-affected areas. At least 1 out of 5 schools has been damaged or destroyed. Last year, more than 20 children were killed and over 40 were injured. Out of those, 28 casualties were caused by mines and exploded ordnance. A polio outbreak was confirmed in Ukraine 19 years after the country was declared polio free.

Damage to basic infrastructure has put the water supply at risk for some 2 million people across the frontline.

As temperatures plummet, fuel shortages and high prices of coal are leaving children at risk of respiratory infections. Lack of access to health services and a shortage of medicines are threatening more disease outbreaks.

“UNICEF calls all parties to the conflict in Ukraine to ensure safe movement and unhindered humanitarian access to help children in need,” Ms Barberis said.

UNICEF has been working with partners to provide children with the basic services they need. To date, UNICEF has:

  • Provided psychosocial support to over 46,000 children and trained almost 5,000 teachers and psychologists to identify signs of distress among children.
  • Reached 1.6 million people with safe water and over 164,000 children and adults with essential hygiene items.
  • Distributed education kits and school supplies to over 200,000 children.
  • Reached nearly 280,000 children with information on the risks of landmines and unexploded ordnance.
  • Delivered antiretroviral drugs to 8,000 people and children living with HIV in non-government controlled areas and HIV testing for over 31,000 pregnant women.
  • Procured polio vaccines for 4.7 million children.

© UNICEF/UNI188870/Zmey
Children hold the jigsaw puzzles they have just received, in the ‘Katusha’ kindergarten in the city of Kramatorsk in Donetsk Region – one of the areas worst affected by the fighting.

Earlier this year, UNICEF has called for an additional HK$423.5 million (US$54.3 million) to address the humanitarian needs of the most vulnerable children in conflict-affected areas.