UNICEF回應歐盟及土耳其峰會 呼籲保護難民與移民兒童

 

UNICEF回應歐盟及土耳其峰會 呼籲保護難民與移民兒童

On 24 February 2016, in Vinojug transit center, outreach workers play with a baby. The family is waiting to board the train heading to Tabanovce, on the border with Serbia. Refugees and migrants are crossing from Greece into the Vinojug Transit Center, near the town of Gevgelija. It is there that they register their “intent to seek asylum” and wait to board a train taking them to Tabanovce, at the border with Serbia, from where they will continue their journey. They are from Syria and Iraq, as Afghan nationals have been stopped from coming through, following a joint statement by Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia on 18 February 2016.

In 2016, despite harsh weather, choppy seas, and border restrictions, people continue to make their way to western and northern Europe through the Balkan land route.  This year alone, approx. 90,000 people have been registered in Gevgelija, in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. As many as 60% are women and children. Children alone make up 40% of the population on the move.

© UNICEF/UN012717/Georgiev – Outreach workers are playing with a baby in Vinojug transit centre. The family is waiting to board the train heading to Tabanovce.

 

(只提供英文版本)

 

GENEVA/ HONG KONG, 8 March, 2016 – With regard to the outcome of the EU Summit with Turkey, UNICEF reiterates that in the implementation of such decisions the fundamental humanitarian principle of ‘do no harm’ must guide authorities across Europe, the Balkans and Turkey at every step when it comes to the care of refugee and migrant children.

While the details of exactly how this new plan will be carried out remain unclear, UNICEF reminds states of their following responsibilities and obligations:

  • First and foremost children’s rights to claim international protection should be guaranteed.
  • Children should not to be returned if they face risks including detention, forced recruitment, trafficking or exploitation.
  • To allow safe and legal channels for children escaping war and conflict through appropriate measures including family reunification, so that children, especially unaccompanied, do not resort to smugglers and traffickers to find safety.

In the immediate term, the current dire situation unfolding on the borders of Greece and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, remains unacceptable for children who are now in the majority of those on the Idomeni border in northern Greece.

Children have already endured so much – fleeing war and conflict, and a dangerous crossing.  It is yet another blow that they are now forced to sleep in the open, with no access to basic services, unsure whether they can go forward or be forced back.

Children stranded are at greater risk to smugglers and traffickers and their rights must be prioritized.

In the immediate term, the current dire situation unfolding on the borders of Greece and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, remains unacceptable for children who are now in the majority of those on the Idomeni border in northern Greece.

Children have already endured so much – fleeing war and conflict, and a dangerous crossing.  It is yet another blow that they are now forced to sleep in the open, with no access to basic services, unsure whether they can go forward or be forced back.

© UNICEF/UN012789/Georgiev
A mother holds her crying child, as her three other daughters sit by the fire outside their makeshift tent in Idomeni.

Children stranded are at greater risk to smugglers and traffickers and their rights must be prioritized.

UNICEF stands ready to support the Government of Greece to find immediate solutions for refugee and migrant children.