UNICEF推食物券及補助金計劃 助南索馬里受災兒童家庭

 

UNICEF推食物券及補助金計劃 助南索馬里受災兒童家庭

國際消息 00:42

奈洛比,肯尼亞/香港,2011年9月13日——聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)正與夥伴積極合作,向南索馬里災民派發食物券,並推行補助金計劃,協助飽受旱災、饑荒之苦的兒童及家庭度過難關。

On 26 July, a boy eats a meal his first in a week following a food distribution in a settlement for people displaced by the drought crisis, in the Wardhiglay area of Mogadishu, the capital. His family has just arrived at the settlement. By 29 July 2011, the crisis in the Horn of Africa affecting primarily Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia and Djibouti continues, with a worsening drought, rising food prices and an ongoing conflict in Somalia. More than 12 million people are threatened by the regions worst drought in 60 years. Some 500,000 severely malnourished children in drought-affected areas are at imminent risk of dying, while a further 1.6 million moderately malnourished children and the wider-affected population are at high risk of disease. Somalia faces one of the worlds most severe food security crises; and as many as 100,000 displaced people have sought security and assistance in Mogadishu, the still-embattled capital, in the last two months, and tens of thousands are fleeing into Kenya and Ethiopia. Famine has been declared in the Lower Shabelle and Bakool areas, and it is believed all of Southern Somalia could fall into a state of famine without immediate intervention. Across Southern Somalia, 1.25 million children are in urgent need of life-saving assistance, and 640,000 are acutely malnourished. UNICEF has delivered supplementary feeding supplies for 65,000 children and therapeutic food for 16,000 severely malnourished children in Southern Somalia, and is working with UN, NGO and community partners to expand blanket supplementary feeding programmes where needed. UNICEF is also supporting a range of other interventions, including an immunization campaign targeting 40,000 children in Mogadishu. A joint United Nations appeal for humanitarian assistance for the region requires US$2.5 billion, less than half of which has been committed.

「這次災情極為嚴峻,高達336,000萬名兒童患上急性營養不良,我們必需盡快採取嶄新而有效的方

案,有規模地開展拯救行動,才能把兒童從死亡邊緣拯救出來。」UNICEF駐索馬里代表Rozanne Chorlton女士指,「過去一年,本地糧食供應嚴重短缺,導致食物價格急漲。而派發食物券及推行補助金計劃,能提升當地人的購買力,並鼓勵貿易商入口糧食,再以合理價格出售食品。」

在索馬里推行的食物券及補助金計劃,已證明能有效改善當地糧食市場供應情況,也讓家庭有能力從本地市場中購入食品及其他必需品。

本月起,UNICEF將透過新一輪行動,為下朱巴、中朱巴及下謝貝利地區15,000戶家庭,提供食物券或補助金,以讓災民有能力購買必需的食品。當地家庭可向非政府機構夥伴申請援助,並透過當地合法可靠的哈瓦拉(Hawala)匯款系統轉賬。過程由第三者負責監控,以確保補助金送到最需要援助的災民手上。

另外,UNICEF與教育夥伴正在轄下212所臨時學習空間,向逾15,000名兒童派發食物券。在校園未能提供膳食供應時,食物券對受災兒童尤其重要。向受災學童派發食物卷,除了有效補充他們的營養,更可發揮鼓勵他們繼續就學的作用。

UNICEF急需港幣1.17億元(1,500萬美元)來提升補助金計劃,目標惠及至少4萬戶拜州、巴科勒、蓋多、中朱巴州及阿弗戈伊走廊等受旱災影響的家庭;UNICEF另需港幣7,800萬元(1,000萬美元)擴大食物券派發行動,進一步透過學校,向多達10萬名兒童及其家人施予援手。

Gérard Bocquenet, Executive Director, French National Committee looks at an internally displaced woman receiving food at a wet feeding centre run by a local NGO and suppored by UNICEF during a visit by UNICEF National Committee members near Wajir town in North Eastern Kenya, September 2; 2011. Photo by Antony Njuguna/UNICEFRozanne Chorlton女士呼籲:「爲了拯救更多兒童的生命,我們急切需要即時的善款來擴大救援行動的規模。」

除了向營養餵飼中心提供補給品外,UNICEF亦計劃向南索馬里20萬戶家庭分發富營養和高熱量的玉米大豆粉混合營養品。現時逾97,000名災民已獲分發營養品,隨著更多物資送抵南部受災地區,每周受惠人數將持續上升。