緬甸衝突導致每星期有1.2萬名羅興亞難民兒童逃往孟加拉

 

緬甸衝突導致每星期有1.2萬名羅興亞難民兒童逃往孟加拉

On 5 September 2017 in Bangladesh, Mohammed Yasin, 8, is amongst the newly arrived Rohingyas living in shelters at the Kutupalong makeshift camp in Cox's Bazar.

By 5 September 2017, more than 146,000 Rohingya refugees fled across the border from Rakhine State, Myanmar, into Cox's Bazar district, Chittagong Division in Bangladesh since 25 August. As many as 80 per cent of the new arrivals are women and children. More than 70 000 children need urgent humanitarian assistance. More than 100,000 of the newly arrived refugees are currently residing in makeshift settlements and official refugee camps that are extremely overcrowded while 10,000 newly arrived refugees are in host communities. In addition, 33,000 arrivals are in new spontaneous sites, which are quickly expanding.  While some refugees are making their own shelters, the majority of people are staying in the open, suffering from exhaustion, sickness and hunger. Cox’s Bazar district of Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable districts, not only for its poor performance in child related indicators but also for its vulnerability to natural hazards.  Most people walked 50 or 60 kilometers for up to six days and are in dire need of food, water and protection. Many children are suffering from cold fever as they are drenched in rain and lack additional clothes. Children and adolescents, especially girls, are vulnerable to trafficking as different child trafficking groups are active in the region. Many more children in need of support and protection remain in the areas of northern Rakhine State that have been wracked by violence.

In Bangladesh, UNICEF is scaling up its response to provide refugee children with protection, nutrition, health, water and sanitation support. With the recent influx of refugees, demand has increased and UNICEF is working to mobilize more support and strengthen its existing activities. For recreational and psychosocial support to the newly arrived Rohingya children, 33 mobile Child Frien

© UNICEF/Brown

8歲羅興亞難民兒童Mohammed Yasina在孟加拉科克斯巴扎爾臨時營地居住。

孟加拉達卡/日內瓦/香港,20171020─超過32萬名羅興亞難民兒童自8月逃離至孟加拉南部,面對飢餓和水媒疾病威脅,其中1萬名在過去幾天抵達。

「失落和絕望:羅興亞難民兒童面臨危險的未來」報告(Outcast and Desperate: Rohingya refugee children face a perilous future)指出,自8月底緬甸爆發衝突,超過50萬名羅興亞人逃往孟加拉南部科克斯巴扎爾。新抵達難民中近6成是兒童,平均每日有1,200至1,800名兒童抵達,加入已有的20萬名難民行列。

UNICEF中東和北非地區推廣主任西蒙‧英格拉姆(Simon Ingram)在10月20日舉行的發布會表示,他近期前往孟加拉科克斯巴扎爾探訪羅興亞難民。

英格拉姆:「難民面對甚麼處境?他們在單薄、用膠片、竹子搭起的避難所居住,下雨時,屋內充滿泥水。他們缺乏清潔食水和衞生設施。」

大部分難民在擁擠和缺乏衞生設施的臨時安置點居住。如不加強國際援助,便不能滿足兒童的需求。

報告指出,難民營中發現幼兒面對嚴重急性營養不良問題,母親缺乏產前照顧服務。受暴力傷害的兒童也需要更多支援。兒童和青少年在難民營的混亂環境中,可能成為人口販賣和剝削的受害者。

UNICEF呼籲結束針對緬甸若開邦的暴力行為,立即讓人道救援人員無阻礙地進入支援。目前,UNICEF仍無法抵達若開邦北部為羅興亞兒童提供援助。

日內瓦即將於10月23日舉行國際捐款會議,UNICEF敦促捐款者盡快響應聯合國和人道機構發布的港幣34.55億元孟加拉應急計劃,以支援新抵達羅興亞難民兒童、目前的難民兒童和收容社區的兒童。

UNICEF呼籲在4方面進行緊急支援:針對孟加拉人道應急計劃和緬甸人道應急計劃的國際資助;保護羅興亞兒童和家庭,立即為所有受若開邦暴力事件影響的兒童提供人道救援;保護羅興亞難民安全,讓他們自願和有尊嚴地返回緬甸;尋求解決危機的長期方案,包括執行若開邦諮詢委員會的建議。