聯合國:也門殘酷衝突 兒童首當其衝

 

聯合國:也門殘酷衝突 兒童首當其衝

On 23 April, a boy stands atop a large piece of exploded artillery shell, which landed near his home during a blast, in the village of Al Mahjar, a suburb of Sana’a, the capital.

By 12 May 2015 in Yemen, escalating conflict continued to exact a heavy toll on children and their families. Some 300,000 people have been internally displaced. Casualties have reached 1,527, including 115 children, and 6,266 people have been injured, including 172 children. Prior to the current crisis, 15.9 million people – including 7.9 million children – were already in need of humanitarian assistance. Despite the challenging operating conditions, UNICEF is scaling up its humanitarian response, including in the areas of nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, child protection and education. Support since the start of the current conflict has included providing access to clean water to 604,360 people and access to antenatal, delivery and postnatal care to 3,386 pregnant women; distributing hygiene kits to 16,662 families; and sharing educational messaging on health, hygiene and protection to 38,000 people. UNICEF has appealed for US$88.1 million to cover these and other responses through December 2015; 87 per cent remains unfunded to date.

© UNICEF/UNI184985/Hamoud – 2015年4月,在沙那郊區的Al Mahjar村,一名男孩正在家附近的一座被炸毀的炮台上玩耍。

 

聯合國秘書長兒童與武裝衝突問題特別代表澤魯居伊(Leila Zerrougui)及聯合國兒童基金會中東及北非區域主任彼得‧薩那馬博士(Dr Peter Salama)就也門武裝衝突發表聲明

紐約/約旦安曼/香港,2016年4月10日—在也門的殘酷衝突當前,兒童往往首當其衝。停火協議今日正式生效,各方可以藉此機會採取行動保護兒童。

去年,聯合國確認在也門衝突中,交戰各方違反兒童權利的個案數字顯注上升。最新數字顯示,兒童死亡個案高達900宗,較2014年高7倍;另外童兵個案亦增了5倍,已確認的有848宗。

與此同時,交戰各方攻擊學校及醫院次數亦倍增,錄得襲擊次數逾115次。基本服務被中斷,直接影響數以千計兒童獲得教育及醫療服務的權利。

聯合國能確認的個案只是冰山一角,但數據的趨勢反映了巨大隱憂:其一,所有平民死亡的個案中,兒童佔近1/3、受傷個案則近1/4;其二,向平民基礎建設如學校及醫療設施施襲成為常態;其三,兒童在交戰前綫的角色愈見積極,包括駐守前綫的檢查站。

這些數據,反映他們公然違反《國際人道法》及侵犯也門兒童的權利,情況令人憂慮。這對也門的穩定及兒童的未來,影響深遠。

我們希望停火協議及定於4月18日開展的和平會談,能結束這場衝突。我們促請交戰各方履行《國際人道法》的責任,釋放所有正在參與戰事或被招募的童兵,停止侵犯兒童權利。各方應該克盡所能保護學校及醫院,並支援人道救援工作,確保兒童及有需要的人能夠獲得援助。