(只有英文)歐洲持續嚴寒天氣 年幼難民及移民兒童面對健康危機

 

(只有英文)歐洲持續嚴寒天氣 年幼難民及移民兒童面對健康危機

On 18 January 2017, in the Tabanovce refugee and migrant centre, a Syrian girl, carrying a plastic cup filled with snow, contemplates whether to join outdoor activities considering the freezing weather. 

The Tabanovce refugee and migrant centre is currently home to some 100 refugees and migrants - a third of them children. Most have been living in the centre since the closure of borders along the Balkan route in March 2016.  UNICEF has provided ongoing support to preserve some semblance of normalcy for children trapped in an abnormal situation - supporting safe spaces for children to play and learn and psychosocial, health and nutrition support. The maths classes are part of the UNICEF supported transitional learning opportunities for school-aged children to help them integrate back into formal education in their final destinations, or into the local school system, should their families decide to apply for asylum in the country.

In January 2017, in Greece and the Balkans, migrants and refugees from different parts of the world – including many infants and young children – remain stranded. Many are being housed in shelters that are ill-equipped for winter, even as temperatures fall as low as -20 Celsius. With no sign of a let-up in the extreme cold weather and storms sweeping Eastern, Central and Southern Europe, refugee and migrant children risk falling sick from respiratory and other serious illnesses. Overcrowding and poor insulation make the shelters particularly unhealthy, and allow respiratory diseases to spread quickly when cold weather hits. According to the WHO, the seasonal influenza season started earlier this year in Europe. 

In a number of affected countries, including Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, UNICEF and its partners are monitoring the situation of children and women and responding as needed. UNICEF is also distributing winter clothing and other essential items for women and children, using mobile

© UNICEF/UN049071/Georgiev

(只提供英文版本)

Backlogs and brutal weather compound hardships facing stranded children

NEW YORK/ HONG KONG, 20 January 2017 – With no sign of a let-up in the extreme cold weather and storms sweeping Central, Eastern and Southern Europe, refugee and migrant children are threatened by respiratory and other serious illnesses — and even death from hypothermia, UNICEF said today.

In Greece and the Balkans, an estimated 23,700 refugee and migrant children – including infants and newborns mostly from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan – remain stranded. Many are being housed in shelters that are ill-equipped for winter, even as temperatures fall below freezing.

Some parts of Greece, especially the islands where thousands of refugees are sheltering in flimsy tents, have experienced heavy snowfall for the first time in years. UNICEF continues to call for refugees and migrants currently living in overcrowded and underserviced camps on the islands to be moved to more appropriate and safe accommodations on the mainland.

“Without proper shelter and warm clothing, young children are in real danger because of the severe weather,” said Basil Rodriques, UNICEF Regional Health Advisor for Central and Eastern Europe. “Infants and the very young generally have less body fat to insulate them against the cold, making them more susceptible to respiratory problems and potentially fatal viral and bacterial infections such as pneumonia and influenza.”

Overcrowding and poor insulation make the shelters particularly unhealthy, and allow respiratory diseases to spread quickly when cold weather hits. According to the WHO, Europe’s influenza season is already underway.

“Apart from the cold weather, the health risks children are facing are a consequence of their plight as refugees and migrants, the victims of uncertainty and of backlogs in processing their claims to asylum,” said Rodriques. “This state of limbo impacts on children’s health, compounding their hardship”.

UNICEF’s ongoing winterization efforts throughout Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, are helping women and children stay warm.

In Bulgaria, UNICEF has supported 1,100 children in reception centres with winter clothes and boots.

Since late 2015-2016 in the Balkans, child and family support hubs, child-friendly spaces and mother and baby corners were transformed from the initial light structures into winterized and heated pre-fab and container structures, or have since moved into hard/permanent structures. UNICEF is also distributing winter clothing and other essential items for women and children, using mobile teams in some places.